Section 5-Experimental Design Flashcards Preview

Applied Behavior Analysis > Section 5-Experimental Design > Flashcards

Flashcards in Section 5-Experimental Design Deck (44)
Loading flashcards...
1

Experimental Control

#Functional Relations
#Analysis
#Control

Predictable Change in behavior
Produced by systematic manipulations of the individuals environment

2

Behavior - 4 elements

Individualized
Continuous
Determined
Extrinsic to the organism

3

1 subject (single subject design)

Does not mean there is one 1 subject
Subject acts as his/her own control
Measures the client's behavior

#within subject Designs
#Intra-Subject Designs

4

6 different Experimental Question

1 subject
1 behavior
1 setting
1 treatment
A measurement system and ongoing data
Experimental Design

5

2 types of experimental designs

Nonparametric
Parametric

6

Nonparametric Analysis

#On/Off

7

Parametric Analysis

#Dosage- modifying the behavior/iv

8

Steady State Responding

Pattern of responding
Provides basis for baseline logic

9

3 Baseline Logic

Prediction
Verification
Replication

10

Steady State Strategy

Repeated exposure of given subject to a given condition

trying to eliminate extraneous influences on behavior

obtain stable pattern of responding before introducing next condition

11

Function Baseline Data

Control Condition

12

Benefits of baseline data

Use the client's performance in the absence of the IV as an objective basis for detecting change

Descriptions of ABC correlations for the planning of an effective treatment

Guide us in setting criteria for reinforcement

13

4 patterns of baseline logic

Descending
Ascending
Variable
Stable

14

5 main experimental designs

Multiple Baseline
Changing Criterion
Reversal
Alternating Treatment
Withdrawl

15

Multiple baseline

MOSTLY USED
Behaviors,Settings,Individuals

16

3 types of multiple baseline

Multiple Baseline Across
1)Behaviors
2)Settings
3)Individuals

17

2 types of weaker variations of multiple baseline

Multiple Probe
Delayed Multiple Baseline

18

Advantages of Multiple Baseline

Successful Intervention doesnt need to be removed
Evaluates Generalization
Easy to implement

19

Disadvantages of Multiple Baseline

Functional relationship is not directly shown
IV may be delayed for certain behaviors,settings, kids

20

Changing Criterion

1 behavior
Already in the client's repertoire

21

Guidelines for Changing Criterion

1. Length of Phases
2. Magnitude of Criterion Changes
3. Number of criterion changes

22

Advantages of Changing Criterion

Does not require reversal of improved behavior
Enables experimental analysis within the context of improving behavior

23

Disadvantages of Changing Criterion

Target behavior must already be in their repertoire.
Not appropriate for analyzing the effects of shaping
Not a comparison design

24

Reversal Design

#ABAB
#BABA
Most powerful within subject design

25

Reversal 3 Consecutive Phases

Initial Baseline
Intervention
Return to baseline

26

5 variations of the reversal design

Repeated Reversals
DRO/DRA/DRI Reversal Technique
NCR Reversal Design
BAB
Multiple Treatment Design

27

Sequence Effects

Effect on client's behavior in a phase that result of the subject's experience with a prior condition

28

Advantages of Reversal

Clear demonstration of the existance/absence
Functional Relation between iv/dv
Count the amount of bx change
Return to baseline tell us we need a program for maintence

29

Disadvantages of Reversal

Irreversibility

30

3 variations of alternating treatment design

1. Single phase without baseline
2. with baseline
3. With baseline and final best treatment phase