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1

Discrimination

Occurs when limited spectrum of stimulus occasion a response.

2

Generalization

Occurs when a large spectrum of stimuli occasion a certain response.

3

2 types of generalization

Stimulus Generalization
Response Generalization

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Stimulus Generalization

Antecedent Stimuli
Sharing aspects of the original Sd
Spectrum of stimuli that occasion a certain response.

5

Overgeneralization

Emitting a response appropriate to some context in an inappropriate context

6

Response Generalization

AKA Response Induction
Individual exhibits novel responses that are functionally equivalent to trained target response

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7 ways to promote generalization

Common Stimuli
Train Loosely
Exemplar Training
Mediation
Indiscriminable Contingencies
Negative Teaching Examples
General Case Analysis

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Maintenance

#Response
Following the removal of an intervention
Response remains in the individual's repertoire

9

Verbal Behavior

Skinner
Published in 1957

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Private Events

Thoughts and Feelings
Inside the skin

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Verbal Behavior Definition

Behavior is reinforced through the mediation of another persons behavior

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Skinners 6 Elementary Verbal Operants

Echoic
Mand
Intraverbal
Textual
Transcription

13

Echoic

speaker repeats the verbal behavior of another speaker.

Verbal SD
Point to point correspondence
Formal Similarity

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Mand

Controlled by MO's
WANTS/Requests

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Two Types of Mands

Regular Mand
Extended Mand

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Intraverbal

Answering a question
Generalized conditioned reinforcement

17

Tact

Speaker has direct contact with through any of sense modes
Non-Verbal SD

18

4 types of tact extensions

Solistic
Metaphorical
Metonymical
Generic

19

Solistic Extension

Poor Language

20

Metaphorical Extension

Metaphors
"His heart is as black as coal"

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Metonymical Extension

Verbal responses to novel stimuli that share non of the relevant features of the original stimulus

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Generic Extension

Novel stimulus shares all relevant or defining features of the original stimulus control

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Textual

Reading written words

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Transcription

Writing or Spelling words spoken to you

25

Duplic

Echoic
Mimetic
Finger Spelling
Copy a text
Skywriting
Gestual imitation

26

Codic

Textual
Braille
Signal Lamps
Taking dictation
Morse Code
Flag Semaphore

27

Listener Training

Not a listener behavior
Often speaker and listener reside in the same skin
The role of the listener and what you need to teach them to do.

28

Autoclitic

Auto=Self
Verbal behavior about 1 own behavior

29

Schedules of Reinforcement

Rule that describes contingencies of reinforcement h

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Continuous Reinforcement

Providing reinforcement for every occurrence of the target behavior