Section 2 Foundational Knowledge Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 2 Foundational Knowledge Deck (85)
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1

Response

Single Instance of Behavior

2

Behavior VS Response

Large Set/Class of responses that share physical dimensions or functions

Response- Single instance of behavior

3

Repertoire

1. All behaviors that an individual can do
2. Collection of knowledge and skills an individual has learned that are relevant to a particular task

4

Environment

Complex, Dynamic universe of events that differs from instance to instance

5

Stimuli

Physical events that affect the behavior of an individual
Internal/External to the individual
Prior,During or After a Behavior.
"Temporal Locus" of a stimuli

6

3 types of a nervous system

1. Proprioceptive
2. Interoceptive
3. Exteroceptive

7

Proprioceptive

Stimulation from joints, tendons, muscles, balance and movement

8

Interoceptive

Internal Events
Headaches
Hunger Pains

9

Exteroceptive

5 Senses

10

Stimulus Class

Group of antecedent stimuli has a common effect on an operant class

11

3 types of stimulus class

Formal
Temporal
Functional

12

Formal Class

Physical Features of Stimuli
"Size,Color, Intensity, and Weight"

13

Temporal Class

Time

14

Functional Class

Stimulus Changes are understood best though a functional analysis of their effects on behavior

15

Feature Stimulus Class

Common Topographies
Relative Relations
Concept of a dog, horse, tree, onion bigger or smaller
"Stimulus Generalization"

16

Arbitrary Stimulus Class

Class evoke same response but they do not share common features

Apple,Banana,Kiwi=Fruit

17

Consequences

Affect FUTURE behavior

18

Automaticy

person does not have to know what a consequence means for it to work

19

Automatic Reinforcement

Occurs independent of social mediation of others. Other people DO NOT deliver the consequence

20

Negative Automatic Reinforcement

Putting lotion on dry skin relieves dryness

21

Positive Automatic Reinforcement

you taste salty caramel brownies for the first time and now you bake them all the time

22

Automatic Punishment

Occurs independent of the social mediation of others.

23

2 Types of Automatic Punishment

Negative and Positive Automatic Punishments

24

Reinforcement

Duration
Latency
Magnitude
Topography

25

Possible Unwanted Effects of Reinforcement

Positive Reinforcement
Rule Governed Behaviors
Contingency Shaped Behaviors

26

Behavior Contrast

Positive Behavior Contrast
Negative Behavior Contrast

27

Positive Behavior Contrast

behavior increases for more favorable reinforcers after being exposed to a reinforcer that has become less favorable

28

Negative behavior contrast

Behavior decreases for less favorable reinforcer after being exposed to a reinforcer that is more favorable

29

Positive Reinforcement

SR+ Process occurs when behavior is followed immediately by presentation of stimulus that increases future frequency of the behavior

30

5 Types of Positive Reinforcers

Edibles
Activity
Tangibles
Sensory
Social