S2) Sociological approaches to LTCs Flashcards Preview

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Identify 4 characteristics of long term conditions

- Long term 

- Often co-morbidities

- Controlled but not cured 

- Profound influence on lives of sufferers


Describe the illness work of LTCs in terms of the diagnosis

Getting diagnosis:

- May be period of uncertainty / ambivalence 

- Diagnosis can be shocking, threatening / relieving



Describe the illness work of LTCs in terms of the management

Managing symptoms: 

- Cope with physical manifestations of illness

- Cope with bodily changes & self-conception changes


Describe the everyday work of LTCs

- Coping and strategic management; cognitive process & actions

- Normalisation; pre-illness lifestyle intact / redefine identity


Describe the emotional work of LTCs

- Protect emotional well-being of others (reduce dependency)

- Maintaining normal activities (breadwinner, wife, mother)

- May downplay pain to present "cheery self" (impacts youths)


Describe the biographical work of LTCs

- Loss of self 

- Former self-image crumbles away without simultaneous development of equally valued new ones

- New consciousness of the body and fragility of life


Describe the identity work of LTCs

- Different conditions carry different connotations

- Affects how people see themselves and how others see them

- Consequence of actual and imagined reaction of others


What is stigma?

Stigma is a negatively defined condition, attribute, trait or behaviour conferring “deviant” status


Distinguish between discreditable and discredited stigma

Discreditable – nothing seen, but if found out… – e.g. mental illness / HIV positive

- Discredited – physically visible characteristic or well known stigma – e.g. physical disability, known suicide attempt


Distinguish between felt and enacted stigma

Enacted stigma – the real experience of prejudice, discrimination and disadvantage (as the consequence of a condition)

- Felt stigma – fear of enacted stigma, also encompasses a feeling of shame (associated with having a condition)