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Flashcards in Respiratory disorders Deck (66)
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1

What are the signs of Nasal disease?

Facial swelling or distortion
Sneezing, Snorting, Rubbing face along surfaces
Dyspnoea
Nasal discharge - serous, mucoid, mucopurulent, bloody

2

What are the possible causes of Nasal disease in dogs?

Distemper
KC complex
Aspergillus spp
Foreign bodies
Neoplasia
Trauma

3

What are the possible causes of nasal disease in cats?

FURD - feline upper respiratory disease
Chlamidophyla
Foreign bodies
Neoplasia
Trauma

4

What is epistaxis?

Nose bleeding

5

What can be used to diagnose nasal disease?

History
Clinical exam - facial symmetry?
Blood tests for coagulation
MRT/CT scan
Nasal Flush - cell harvest for cytology, fungal/abnormal cells
Bacterial/fungal culture
Biopsy and histopathology of masses

6

What are the possible treatments of nasal disease?

Tumor removal
Medical treatment of fungal/bacterial infections
FB removal
Supportive care of viral infections
Radiotherapy/chemotherapy for neoplasia

7

What are the nursing care requirements for patient with nasal disease?

Depends on cause
Keep patient clean
Medicate
Warm food to encourage palatability
hand feeding
'Balls" of food
Humidify the air
Barrier nurse if infectious cause

8

What are examples of Laryngeal disease?

Laryngitis
Laryngeal paralysis
Oedema
Trauma

9

What are the possible symptoms of Laryngeal disease?

Dysphonia
Coughing/gagging when barking or purring
Exercise intolerance

10

What is Dysphonia?

A change or loss of vocal ability

11

What breeds are more prone to laryngeal disease?

Ageing medium to large breeds
also seen in small breeds

12

What are possible cause of laryngeal disease?

Laryngeal folds motor nerve supply degenerates (neuropathy)

13

What would the treatment be for severs laryngeal paralysis?

Surgery

14

What does dysphonia mean?

Change or loss in vocal ability

15

What is Brachycephalic Airway Obstruction?

A over long soft palate which extends too far caudally and obstructs the larynx

16

What usually causes Laryngeal Oedema?

Mechanical trauma to tissues
most often seen in cats after repeated attempts to intubate

17

How can we prevent Laryngeal Oedema?

Ensure adequate local anaesthetic and efficient visualisation of area before attempting intubation

18

What nursing care should be provided to a patient with laryngeal disease?

Use a harness or head collar for exercise
Avoid excitement
Keep cool
Oxygen therapy if indicated

19

What emergency equipment should be prepared for a patient with laryngeal disease?

Tracheotomy kit

20

What is the definition of Sinusitis?

Inflammation of one or more sinuses

21

What is the definition of rhinitis?

Inflammation of the nasal lining

22

What is the definition of epistaxis?

Bleeding from the nose

23

What is the definition of Laryngitis?

Inflammation of the larynx

24

What is the definition of Tracheitis?

Inflammation of the trachea

25

What are signs of Tracheal disease?

Tracheitis
Tracheal collapse/ trauma
Honking noise
Dyspnoea
Dry hacking cough
exercise intolerance

26

What breeds are most affected by Tracheal disease?

Small breeds
especially yorkies

27

What makes up the lower respiratory tract?

Bronchi
Bronchioles
Alveoli

28

What first aid measures should be taken when presented with an animal with acute respiratory disease?

Provide oxygen in the least stressful way possible
Minimal restraint to reduce stress
Make sure collar is loose
Support in sternal recumbency

29

What are possible causes of sudden onset of acute respiratory disease?

Obstructions
Ruptured diaphragm
pulmonary haemorrhage
GDV

30

What are possible causes of decompensation of an ongoing problem in acute respiratory disease?

Pneumothorax, haemothorax, pyothorax, chylothorax
Neaplasia
Infections
Pulmonary oedema