Flashcards in Respiratory disorders Deck (66)
What are the signs of Nasal disease?
Facial swelling or distortion
Sneezing, Snorting, Rubbing face along surfaces
Nasal discharge - serous, mucoid, mucopurulent, bloody
What are the possible causes of Nasal disease in dogs?
What are the possible causes of nasal disease in cats?
FURD - feline upper respiratory disease
What is epistaxis?
What can be used to diagnose nasal disease?
Clinical exam - facial symmetry?
Blood tests for coagulation
Nasal Flush - cell harvest for cytology, fungal/abnormal cells
Biopsy and histopathology of masses
What are the possible treatments of nasal disease?
Medical treatment of fungal/bacterial infections
Supportive care of viral infections
Radiotherapy/chemotherapy for neoplasia
What are the nursing care requirements for patient with nasal disease?
Depends on cause
Keep patient clean
Warm food to encourage palatability
'Balls" of food
Humidify the air
Barrier nurse if infectious cause
What are examples of Laryngeal disease?
What are the possible symptoms of Laryngeal disease?
Coughing/gagging when barking or purring
What is Dysphonia?
A change or loss of vocal ability
What breeds are more prone to laryngeal disease?
Ageing medium to large breeds
also seen in small breeds
What are possible cause of laryngeal disease?
Laryngeal folds motor nerve supply degenerates (neuropathy)
What would the treatment be for severs laryngeal paralysis?
What does dysphonia mean?
Change or loss in vocal ability
What is Brachycephalic Airway Obstruction?
A over long soft palate which extends too far caudally and obstructs the larynx
What usually causes Laryngeal Oedema?
Mechanical trauma to tissues
most often seen in cats after repeated attempts to intubate
How can we prevent Laryngeal Oedema?
Ensure adequate local anaesthetic and efficient visualisation of area before attempting intubation
What nursing care should be provided to a patient with laryngeal disease?
Use a harness or head collar for exercise
Oxygen therapy if indicated
What emergency equipment should be prepared for a patient with laryngeal disease?
What is the definition of Sinusitis?
Inflammation of one or more sinuses
What is the definition of rhinitis?
Inflammation of the nasal lining
What is the definition of epistaxis?
Bleeding from the nose
What is the definition of Laryngitis?
Inflammation of the larynx
What is the definition of Tracheitis?
Inflammation of the trachea
What are signs of Tracheal disease?
Tracheal collapse/ trauma
Dry hacking cough
What breeds are most affected by Tracheal disease?
What makes up the lower respiratory tract?
What first aid measures should be taken when presented with an animal with acute respiratory disease?
Provide oxygen in the least stressful way possible
Minimal restraint to reduce stress
Make sure collar is loose
Support in sternal recumbency
What are possible causes of sudden onset of acute respiratory disease?