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Principles of veterinary nursing > Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Definitions Deck (64)
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1

Sinusitis

Inflammation of one or more sinuses

2

Rhinitis

Inflammation of the nasal lining

3

Epistaxis

Bleeding from the nose

4

Laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx

5

Tracheitis

Inflammation of the trachea

6

Dyspnoea

Difficulty in breathing

7

Apnoea

Cessation of breathing

8

Tachypnoea

Increased breathing rate

9

Orthopnoea

Dyspnoea in lateral recumbency (when patient is lying down)

10

Myocarditis

Inflammation of the muscular walls of the heart

11

Endocarditis

Inflammation of the endocardium (endothelial membrane lining the cavities of the heart), most commonly involving a heart valve

12

Endocardiosis

Chronic fibrosis and thickening of the atrioventricular valves

13

Tachycardia

Rapid heart rate

14

Bradycardia

Slow heart rate

15

Pericarditis

Inflammation of the pericardium (sac around the heart)

16

Cardiomyopathy

Primary disease of the heart muscle

17

Cardiac tamponade

Compression of the heart due to fluid accumulation in the pericardial sac

18

Dysphagia

Difficulty swallowing

19

Coprophagia

Eating of faeces

20

Anorexia

Absence of appetite

21

Pica

Depraved appetite (e.g eating of unusual foodstuff)

22

Inappetence

Reduced appetite

23

Polyphagia

Increased appetite

24

Megaoesophagus

Flaccid dilation of oesophagus

25

Regurgitation

Passive process of returning ingesta, usually from oesophagus

26

Vomiting

Active process of expelling stomach contents

27

Diarrhoea

Increased passage of abnormally softer liquid faeces

28

Tenesmus

Straining to pass faeces

29

Dyschezia

Pain on defecation

30

Melaena

Dark tar-like faeces containing digested blood