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Flashcards in Haemopoeitic system Deck (31)
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1

What does the Haemopoeitic system do?

Manufactures new blood cells as needed

2

What are the components of the haemopoeitic system?

Bone Marrow, Spleen and Liver

3

What are the locations of Bone marrow?

Long Bones
Pelvis
Sternum
Skull

4

What is Anaemia?

Loss of red blood cells

5

What is regenerative anaemia?

The bone marrow will increase production of red blood cells

6

What are baby red blood cells called?

Reticulocytes

7

How can reticulocytes be identified in a blood smear?

They still have a nucleus

8

How can regenerative anaemia be identified in a blood smear?

Reticulocytes present

9

What is non-regenerative anaemia?

The bone marrow is not producing reticulocytes.

10

What is the most common cause of non-regenerative anaemia?

Renal failure

11

What is PCV?

Packed Cell volume

12

What is the normal PCV for a Guinea pig?

37-48%

13

What is the normal PCV for a Dog?

37-55%

14

What is the normal PCV for a Cat?

24-45%

15

How does acute anaemic present?

Collapsed
Pale MMs
Lethargy and exercise intolerance
May be dyspnoeic and tachypnoeic
Inappetant
may have a heart murmur

16

How should an anaemic case be nursed?

Gentle handling
stress free environment
careful monitoring of vital signs
Restricted exercise
ongoing monitoring of any blood transfusions
serial blood sampling to monitor progress

17

What diagnostics can be used for anaemia?

Blood - Haematology, Biochemistry, Coagulation profile
Ultrasound
Radiographs

18

Where in the body are clotting factors produced?

The liver

19

What care should be given when nursing a patient with a clotting disorder?

Gentle handling
Avoid heparin flush
extra long pressure after taking blood

20

What tubes are used for clotting factor lab tests?

Sodium citrate tubes (green)

21

When performing a Buccal Mucosal Bleeding time test what should clotting time be for a dog?

less than 4.2 minutes

22

When performing a Buccal Mucosal Bleeding time test what should clotting time be for a cat?

Less than 2.4 minutes

23

What should owners be taught when their pet is diagnosed with a clotting disorder?

To watch for any bleeding episodes
How to assess MM colour and CRT
How to handle the pet gently

24

What breeds are most likely to be affected by Von Willebrands disease?

Doberman
Rottweiler
Golden retriever
poodle
Pyrenean mountain dog

25

What is Lymphoma?

Neoplasia of the lymphoid tissue

26

What does Lymphadenopathy mean?

disease or swelling of the lymph nodes

27

What are the clinical signs of Lymphoma?

Enlarged lymph noes
Weight loss
Anorexia/ inappetence
vomiting + Diarrhoea

28

What nursing care should be provided to a lymphoma patient?

Tempt to eat
Monitor vital signs
Provide meds (possible chemotherapy)
IV fluids
provide water
Keep patient clean and comfortable

29

What medical treatment can be used on a patient with Lymphoma?

Chemotherapy
IV fluids

30

What PPE should be worn when administering IV chemotherapy?

Face shield or goggles + face mask
Plastic apron with long sleeves and thumb loop
2 pairs of powder free gloves
Shoe covers