Principles of the Australian Parliamentary System Flashcards Preview

Legal Studies 3/4 > Principles of the Australian Parliamentary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Principles of the Australian Parliamentary System Deck (9)
Loading flashcards...
1

Representative Government:

A system under which government is carried on largely through elected representatives, and the government must represent the views of the majority of the people, otherwise they will be voted out.

2

Responsible Government:

Responsible government refers to the government's responsibility to the voters.

3

Responsible Government, 2:

Ministers are responsible to parliament and therefore the people. A minister can be called upon by parliament to explain his/her or his/her department's actions through question time. Poor actions or refusal to be transparent can force ministers to resign.

4

Separation of Powers:

The separation of powers refers to the separation of 3 powers that are exercised by different bodies.

5

3 Different powers:

1. Legislative
2. Executive
3. Judicial

6

Legislative Arm:

The power to create laws, exercised by Parliament

7

Executive Arm:

The power to administer the law, exercised in theory by the Governor-General, but in practise by the Prime Minister

8

Judicial Arm:

The power to enforce, apply and interpret the law, exercised by the courts

9

Need for a Separation of Powers:

A separation of powers is needed as a check and balance to each body, preventing any body to acquire unlimited authority.

Decks in Legal Studies 3/4 Class (44):