Flashcards in 6: Sanctions and their specific purpose Deck (16)
Is the removal of an offender from society and their detainment in a prison.
Punishes offenders in a just manner.
Protects society from offenders who could be at a risk of reoffending.
Imprisonment allows prisoners access to treatment and training programs to turn them into productive citizens. However, it is likely to lead to further crimes because of the influence of other criminals and the difficulty of returning to normal life after having spent time in prison.
Courts can impose long sentences to show their disapproval.
May not be an adequate specific deterrence as individuals mix with serious criminals.
Are a form of penalty in the form of monetary punishment. The most common fines are traffic infringements and indictable offences such as fraud.
The main purpose of fines is to deter individuals and society from committing the offence.
Denunciation (Court give a high fine)
Fines do not uphold:
Community Corrections Order:
A Community Corrections Order is a flexible order that can have different conditions applied based on: the circumstances of the offence, the offenders' needs and the severity of the offence.
Example of a CCO condition:
Unpaid community work (maximum of 600 hours)
Treatment and rehabilitation
Purpose of CCO:
Achieves this by restricting the offenders' freedom
CCO Protection Positive:
The offender is prevented from reoffending as there are a number of restrictions on their freedom.