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Flashcards in Pharmacology Deck (30)
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How does aspirin help a cardiac patient?

It is a platelet inhibitor, stopping a second heart attack.

1

How does aspirin help pain?

Aspirin stops inflammation.

2

What are the adverse reactions to aspirin?

Heartburn
Nausea
Wheezing

3

What is the precaution before taking aspirin?

Digestive bleed
Upset stomach

4

What is the correct dosage of aspirin for an adult?

324-325mg, chewed.

5

What is the correct dosage of aspirin for a child?

None indicated, so the question is deferred to a medical doctor.

6

Why would you give aspirin?

Chest pain

7

What does Naloxone do?

Reverses the effects of opioid and morphine-like agents (like heroin); reverses respiratory depression

8

What is the indication Naloxone should be administered?

During respiratory depression caused by an opioid or narcotic agent

9

What are the contraindications that Naloxone shouldn't be used?

A child less than 28 days old

10

What are the adverse effects possible after using Naloxone?

Immediate withdrawal

11

What is the purpose of oral glucose?

To raise low blood sugar

12

What are the indications that oral glucose should be administered?

Altered mental status and known diabetic history; unconscious for an unknown reason

13

What precautions should be considered before administering oral glucose?

A gag reflex

14

What is the correct dosage of oral glucose?

10-15g between the cheek and tongue every ten minutes

15

What is the indication that activated charcoal should be administered?

Poisoning by mouth

16

What are the adverse effects of using activated charcoal?

Nausea and vomiting

17

What is the correct dosage for activated charcoal?

1 gram per kilogram

18

What are precautions when using activated charcoal?

The possibility it doesn't soak up all the poison

19

What is the correct dosage of acetaminophen?

Dosage: 160mg / 5mL
3-5 years old: 1 dose
6-9 years: 2 doses
10 and up: 4 doses

20

What are the contraindications for using acetaminophen?

Head injury
Hypotension
Administration of acetaminophen within the previous four hours

21

What are the adverse effects off acetaminophen?

None that are clinically significant

22

What are the indications that acetaminophen should be administered?

A patient 3 or older with mild to moderate discomfort (2-5 on scale)

23

What are the indications that albuterol should be administered?

Signs of respiratory distress
Bronchospasm/wheezing associated with asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and allergic reactions (anaphylaxis)

24

What are the adverse effects of albuterol?

Tachycardia/palpitations
Hypertension
Angina
Nervousness/anxiety
Tremors
Dizziness
Headache
Sweating
Nausea/vomiting
Sore throat

25

What precautions should be considered before administering albuterol?

Bronchospasm may become sever after repeated use
Patient must have his own physician-prescribed inhaler

26

What is the contraindication for using albuterol?

Inhaler is not prescribed for the patient

27

What is the correct dosage of albuterol?

Maximum of 2 doses (4 puffs) over 30 minutes
Medical direction may administer additional doses

28

What is the contraindication before administering aspirin?

Known hypersensitivity (allergy)

29

What are the five rights before administering a drug?

Right patient
Right time
Right medication
Right dosage
Right route of administration