Medical Terminology - Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology - Chapter 5 Deck (120)
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The four divisions of the abdomens used to pinpoint the location of a pain or injury are the...

Abdominal quadrants

1

The microscopic sacs of the lungs where has exchange with the bloodstream takes place are called...

Alveoli

2

The standard reference position for the body in the study of anatomy. The body is erect, facing the observer, with arms down and the palms facing forward. This is called...

Anatomical position

3

The study of body structure is...

Anatomy

4

The positional term for the front of the body or body part is...

Anterior

5

The largest artery in the body that transports blood from the left ventricle to behind systemic circulation is the...

Aorta

6

A small tube located near the junction or the small and large intensities in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. It's function is not well understood. Under inflammation, it's a common cause of abdominal pain.

Appendix

7

The smallest kind of artery is the...

Arteriole

8

Any blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart is called an...

Artery

9

The two upper chambers of the heart which receive in oxygenated blood, and then oxygenated blood are called the...

Atria

10

The ability of the heart to generate and conduct electrical impulses on it's own is called...

Automaticity

11

The division or the peripheral nervous system that controls involuntary motor functions is the...

Automatic nervous system

12

A positional term meaning on both sides is...

Bilateral

13

The round sac-like organ of the renal system used as a reservoir for urine is the...

Bladder

14

The pressure caused by blood exerting force against the walls of blood vessels is called...

Blood pressure

15

The artery of the upper arm and the site of the pulse checked during infant CPR is the...

Brachial artery

16

The two large sets of branches that come off the trachea and enter the lungs are the...

Bronchi

17

A thin-walled, microscopic blood vessel where the oxygen/carbon dioxide and nutrient/waste exchange with the body's cells takes place is called the...

Capillary

18

A system of specialized muscle tissues that conducts electrical impulses to stimulate the heart to beat is the...

Cardiac conduction system

19

The large neck arteries that carry blood from the heart to the head are the

Carotid arteries

20

The brain and spinal cord make up the...

Central nervous system (CNS)

21

The carotid and femoral pulses, felt in the central part or the body are the...

Central pulses

22

A word root with an added vowel they can be joined with other word parts to form a new word is called a...

Combining form

23

A word formed from two or more while words is called...

Compound

24

Blood vessels that supply the muscle of the heart (myocardium) are...

Coronary arteries

25

The ring-shaped structure that forms the lower portion of the larynx is the...

Cricoid cartilage

26

The inner (second) later of skin, rich in blood vessels and nerves, found beneath the epidermis is the...

Dermis

27

The muscular structure that divides the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity and is a major muscle of respiration is the...

Diaphragm

28

The pressure in the arteries when the left ventricle is refilling is...

Diastolic blood pressure

29

The system by which food travels through the body and is broken down into absorbable forms is the...

Digestive system