Ethical & Legal Issues - Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ethical & Legal Issues - Chapter 4 Deck (29)
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0

What is it called when a patient is left after care has been initiated and before transfer to another medical professional?

Abandonment

1

What is another name for a DNR order or other instruction in advance of an event?

Advance directive

2

What is it called when a person is placed in fear of bodily harm?

Assault

3

What is it called when a person is harmed or restrained against their will?

Battery

4

What is obligation not to reveal information about a patient called?

Confidentiality

5

What are the three allowances for revealing patient information?

1. Other health professionals who need to know.
2. Subpoena or court of law
3. With signature from the patient

6

Permission from the patient for care or other action by the EMT is called...

Consent

7

The location where a crime has been committed or any place that evidence relating to a crime may be found is called a...

Crime scene

8

A legal document which states the patient has a terminal illness and does not wish to prolong life through resuscitative efforts is called...

A do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order

9

The obligation to provide care to the patient is called...

Duty to act

10

The social system or expectations for applying principles or right and wrong is called...

Ethics

11

Consent given by adults who are of legal age and mentally competent to make a rational decision is called...

Expressed consent.

12

A series of laws designed to provide limited legal protection for citizens and some health care personnel providing emergency care is called...

Good Samaritan Laws

13

The federal law protecting privacy of patient-specific health care information and providing the patient with control over how this information is used and distributed is called...

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

14

Being held legally responsible is called...

Liability

15

False or injurious information in written form is called...

Libel

16

Personal standards of right and wrong are called...

Morals

17

A failure to act properly in a situation that causes the patient harm is called...

Negligence

18

A person who has completed a legal document that allows for organ and tissue donation in the event of death is called an...

Organ donor

19

"Res ipsa loquitur" is a Latin term meaning...

The thing speaks for itself

20

A law that permits a person to drop of an infant or child at a station or to station personnel (instead of abandoning or seeing harm brought on the child) is called...

Safe Haven Laws

21

A set of regulations and ethical considerations that define the scrip, extent, and limits of the EMTs job is called...

Scope of practice

22

False or injurious information stated verbally is called...

Slander.

23

The expected care for specific patients in specific situations according to training.

Standard of care

24

A civil offense resulting from an injury caused by negligence from which a lawsuit may arise is called...

Tort.

25

What three groups of people cannot offer expressed consent?

1. Minors
2. Mentally disabled
3. Unconscious/unresponsive

26

What are the four criteria for a patient to refuse care or transport?

1. The patient must be mentally competent and orientated
2. The patient must be fully informed
3. The patient must sign a release form
4. The patient must be of legal age

27

What are the three circumstance required to prove negligence?

1. The EMT had duty to act
2. The EMT did not provide the standard of care
3. The EMT's action or inaction cause the patient harm

28

What are the four types of medical conditions that may be listed on a medical identification device?

1. Heart condition
2. Diabetes
3. Allergies
4. Epilepsy