Pathophysiology - Chapter 6 & 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathophysiology - Chapter 6 & 7 Deck (39)
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The cellular process in which oxygen is used to metabolize glucose.

Aerobic metabolism

1

The cellular process in which glucose is metabolized into energy without oxygen.

Anaerobic metabolism

2

The blood ejected from the heart in one minute (heart rate x stroke volume)

Cardiac output

3

Chemical sensors in the brain and blood vessels that identify changing levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide

Chemoreceptors

4

Air that occupies the space between the mouth and alveoli but they does not actually reach the area of gas exchange

Dead air space

5

An abnormally low amount of water in the body

Dehydration

6

Swelling associated with the movement of water into the interstitial space

Edema

7

A substance that separates into charged particles in water

Electrolytes

8

Fraction of inspired oxygen; the concentration of oxygen in the air we breathe

FiO2

9

The pressure within a blood vessels that pushes water out of the vessel

Hydrostatic pressure

10

Inability of the body to adequately circulate blood to the body's cells to supply hem with oxygen and nutrients. Also called shock.

Hypoperfusion

11

The cellular function of converting nutrients into energy

Metabolism

12

The amount of air breathed in during each respiration multiplied by the number of breaths per minute

Minute volume

13

Open and clear; free from obstruction

Patent

14

The study of how disease processes affect the function of the body

Pathopsychology

15

The supply of oxygen to and removal of wastes from the cells and tissues as a result of the flow of blood trough the capillaries

Perfusion

16

The pull exerted by large proteins in the plasma portion of blood that tends to pull water from the body into the bloodstream

Plasma oncotic pressure

17

The inability of the body to adequately circulate blood to the body's cells to supply them with oxygen and nutrients. Life-threatening condition.

Shock

18

Sensors in blood vessels that identify infernal pressure

Stretch receptors

19

The amount of blood ejected from the heart in one contraction

Stroke volume

20

The pressure in the peripheral blood vessels that the heart must overcome in order to pump blood into the system

Systemic vascular resistance (SVR)

21

The volume of air moved in one cycle of breathing

Tidal volume

22

Ventilation/perfusion match. Oxygen and blood are supplied to the capillaries.

V/Q match

23

The stage of life from 13-18

Adolescence

24

The sense that needs will be met

Bonding

25

Stage of life from 19-40 years

Early adulthood

26

Stage of life from birth to 1 year of age

Infancy

27

Stage of life from 61 and older

Late adulthood

28

Stage of life from 41-60 years old

Middle adulthood

29

When startled, an infant throws his arms out, spreads his fingers, then grabs with his fingers and arms

Moro reflex