OTA 101 - Ch. 6 Body Functions Flashcards Preview

OTA 101 - Therapeutic Media > OTA 101 - Ch. 6 Body Functions > Flashcards

Flashcards in OTA 101 - Ch. 6 Body Functions Deck (40)
Loading flashcards...
1

Categories of Body Functions

1) Mental Functions
2) Sensory Functions
3) Neuromusculoskeletal and Movement-Related Functions
4) Muscle Functions
5) Movement Functions
6) Cardiovascular, Hematological, Immunological, Respiratory System Functions
7) Voice and Speech, Digestive, Metabolic, Endocrine, Genitourinary, Reproductive Functions
8) Skin and Related Structures Functions

2

Body Functions > Mental Functions

1) Higher level cognitive
2) Attention
3) Memory
4) Perception
5) Thought
6) Sequencing complex movement
7) Emotional
8) Experience of self and time

3

Body Functions > Mental Functions > Higher Level Cognitive Functions

• Judgment
• Concept Formation
• Metacognition
• Executive Functions
• Praxis/Motor Planning (ability to do sequential movements)
• Cognitive Flexibility (changing strategies when problem or change arises)
• Insight (realistic concept of physical/mental abilities)

4

Metacognition (under Higher Level Cog)

Awareness of one’s own cog processes and ability to manipulate and control one’s own cognition. Important for effective learning, problem solving and efficient communication with others.

5

Executive Functions (under Higher Level Cog)

Use frontal lobes of brain; complex goal-oriented behavior like decision making, abstract thought, planning, mental flexibility.

6

Body Functions > Mental Functions > Attention Functions

• Sustained attention/concentration
• Selective attention
• Divided attention (2 things at once)
• Shifting attention (shift from one to another task)

7

Body Functions > Mental Functions > Memory Functions

• Short-term memory
• Working memory
• Long-term memory

8

Body Functions > Mental Functions > Perception Functions

• Discrimination of Sensations: Auditory
• Discrim. of Sensations: Tactile
• Discrim. of Sensations: Visual
• Discrim. of Sensations: Olfactory
• Discrim. of Sensations: Gustatory
• Discrim. of Sensations: Vestibular (knowing position of body in space; ability to stay upright for an activity)
• Discrim. of Sensations: Proprioceptive (detecting muscle lengthening/shortening and speed/direction limbs move)

9

Body Functions > Mental Functions > Thought Functions

• Control and Content of Thought (thoughts relate to activity)
• Awareness of Reality
• Logical and Coherent Thought

10

Body Functions > Mental Functions > Sequencing Complex Movement Functions

• Regulating speed, response, quality, time of motor production (mentally sequencing purposeful mvmt)

11

Body Functions > Mental Functions > Emotional Functions

• Regulation and Range of Emotion
• Appropriateness of Emotions

12

Body Functions > Mental Functions > Experience of Self and Time Functions

• Appropriateness and Range of Emotion (same as Emotional Functions)
• Body Image
• Self-Concept (awareness of identity/roles)

13

Global Mental Functions (under Mental Functions)

• Consciousness
• Orientation
• Temperament and Personality
• Energy and Drive
• Sleep

14

Global Mental Functions > Consciousness Functions

• Awareness and alertness
• Clarity and Continuity of Wakeful State

15

Global Mental Functions > Orientation Functions

• Orientation to person and self (own identity)
• Orientation to place
• Orientation to time
• Orientation to Others

16

Global Mental Functions > Temperament and Personality Functions

• Extroversion, Introversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness
• Emotional Stability
• Openness to Experience
• Self-Expression
• Confidence
• Motivation
• Self-Control and Impulse Control
• Appetite (natural desire)

17

Global Mental Functions > Energy and Drive Functions

• Motivation
• Impulse Control
• Appetite (natural desire)

18

Global Mental Functions > Sleep Functions

• Physiological Process (physical and mental disengagement from immediate environment)

19

Body Functions > Sensory Functions

• Visual
• Hearing
• Vestibular
• Taste
• Smell
• Proprioceptive
• Touch
• Pain
• Temperature and Pressure

20

Body Functions > Sensory Functions > Visual Functions

• Quality of Vision (light/contrast/color)
• Visual Acuity (form and contour/near and far)
• Visual Stability (perceive things as stable as eyes move)
• Visual Field (detection of all within visual field–not looking through tunnel)

21

Body Functions > Sensory Functions > Hearing Functions

• Sound Detection and Discrimination
• Awareness of Location and Distance of Sounds

22

Body Functions > Sensory Functions > Vestibular Functions

• Position
• Balance
• Secure Movement Against Gravity

23

Body Functions > Sensory Functions > Taste Functions

• Qualities of bitterness, sweetness, sourness, saltiness

24

Body Functions > Sensory Functions > Smell Functions

• Sensing odors and smells

25

Body Functions > Sensory Functions > Proprioceptive Functions

• Awareness of body position and space (where body parts are and which direction they are moving via sensory receptors in muscles)

26

Body Functions > Sensory Functions > Touch Functions

• Feeling of being touched
• Touching various textures

27

Body Functions > Sensory Functions > Pain Functions

• Localized Pain (identifying pain and where it occurs)
• Generalized Pain (nonspecific or larger area)

28

Body Functions > Sensory Functions > Temperature and Pressure Functions

• Thermal awareness
• Sense of force applied to skin

29

Body Functions > Neuromusculoskeletal and Movement-Related Functions

• Joint Mobility > Joint ROM
• Joint Stability > Maintenance of structural integrity of joints

30

Body Functions > Muscle Functions

• Muscle Power > Strength
• Muscle Tone > Degree of muscle tension
• Muscle Endurance > Sustaining muscle contraction