Flashcards in Client Factors-Body Functions Deck (43)
Level of Arousal/Consciousness
DEMONSTRATING ALERTNESS AND RESPONSIVENESS TO STIMULI. (State of being aware of internal and external stimuli.) Are they aware of you?
Responds to questions correctly?
Eye contact? Hard of hearing?
Different language, sedated?
Identifying person, place, time and situation.
Focusing on a task over time without distraction. Crucial for goal achievement.
Initiation and Termination of Activity
Being able to initiate and terminate a task within given parameters, and being able to identify that the task is complete, or the need to start something.
Recalling information after a brief or long period of time. The mental process that involves registration and encoding, consolidation and storage, and recall/retrieval of information.
Performs steps in an effective or logical order for efficient use of time and energy. Absence of randomness in the ordering and/or inappropriate repetition of steps.
Identifying similarities of and differences among pieces of environmental information; ability to classify; to describe by naming or labeling.
Organizing a variety of information to form thoughts and ideas.
Acquiring new concepts and behaviors. Enduring ability of an individual to comprehend and/or competently respond to changes in information from the environment and/or from within the self. As one learns about the environment, alterations occur in the definition of the self and possible behaviors.
Applying previously learned concepts and behaviors to a variety of new situations, skills and performance in applying specific concepts to a variety of related solutions.
High Order Reasoning Skills
(Analyze, draw conclusion, solve a problem, predict an outcome, reason, evaluate)
Critical thinking - executive function skills.
Emotional Stability/Social Conduct
Strategies that focus on managing the emotions associated with a stressful episode/interaction by using manners, personal space, eye contact, gestures, active listening, or self expression appropriate to one's environment.
Individual drives toward the mastery of certain goals and skills; may be intrinsic or involve inducements and incentives.
Impulse Control/Self Control
Ability to act with planning and reflection. Modifying one's behavior in response to environmental needs, demands, constraints, personal aspirations and feedback from others.
Eyesight/vision. Interpreting stimuli through the eyes, including peripheral vision and acuity, and awareness of color and pattern.
Ability to determine the relative distance between self and objects and figures observed.
Figure Ground Perception
Cognitive ability to separate elements based on contrast. Differentiating between the foreground and background forms and objects. Ability to distinguish shapes and objects from the background in which they exist.
Interpreting and localizing sounds, and discriminating background sounds. Pertaining to the sense organs of hearing.
Interpreting odors/sense of smell.
Voice and Speech
Identifying objects through proprioception, cognition and the sense of touch; ability to identify sizes, shapes and weights of familiar objects without use of vision.
Unconscious awareness of body in space. Awareness of posture, movement and changes in equilibrium. Knowledge of position, weight and resistance in relation to body.
Like a mechanical goniometer in the knee with no feedback from muscle pressure, it simply needs angles and pressure and sends information to the brain.
Conscious awareness of body in space. Identifying the excursion and direction of joint movement; sense of position, weight and movement in space. The receptors for kinesthesia are located in the muscles, tendons and joints.
Brain processes information from proprioceptors and sends message to muscles to adjust as needed. Ex: breaking your fall.
Ability to respond to pain (Unpleasant sensory experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage).
Knowing left from right.
Recognizing forms and objects as the same in various environments, positions and sizes.
Ability to see two or more objects in relation to each other and oneself.
Position in Space
Perceptual ability that helps understand directional language concepts like in, out, up, down, in front of, behind, between, left and right.
Children who reverse letters (ie: b and d) have difficulty perceiving position in space.