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Flashcards in Mineral Families Deck (12)
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1

Scientists need to organize things into groups and ______ so we can study them more easily

families

2

Minerals are grouped into families based on...

chemical composition - what atoms and molecules they are made of

3

The four largest families, in order of size are..

1. silicates
2. oxides
3. Carbonates
4. Sulfates

4

Silicate minerals contain ______ and ______, the two most common elements in the Earth's continental crust.

oxygen, silicon

5

Four examples of Silicate minerals are...

- Olivine (( MgFe)2SiO4) - august birthstone
- Micas
- quartz SiO2
- Feldspar

6

The second most abundant minerals family is...

Oxides

7

What is the oxide ion?

oxygen

8

The carbonate minerals contain the _______ ion

carbonate

9

CO3 is the...

carbonate ion

10

What is the sulfate ion?

SO4

11

Sulfate minerals contain the _____ ion

sulfate

12

_______ often act as cements in sedimentary rocks?

Carbonates