Flashcards in Surface Water Deck (31)
what is a stream?
any flowing liquid body of water
a ______ is any flowing liquid body of water
a stream flows _____ slope
a _____ is a clearly defined natural passageway
the steepness of a streams slope is called....
a steep stream flowing downhill has a _____ gradient
streams flow within ______
What is a channel?
the natural passageway through which the stream flow.
What are three types of channels?
this is the amount of water in a stream...
Stream discharged is measured as...
volume per time
_____ ______ is the amount of water flowing at any point in time
____ ____ is the amount of sediment carried in a stream
_______ channels usually occur in small stretches
what type of channel is more common at the beginning of a stream?
What type of channel has a steep gradient?
where do braided steams occur?
in very low gradients.
when water empties out onto some type of plain you will see which type of channel ?
what is the most common type of channel?
what is a floodplain?
flat fertile valley that is periodically flooded
standing bodies of water with open surfaces
an inlet is...
a source of water flowing into a lake
an outlet is...
a source of water flowing out of the lake
does a freshwater lake have inlets, outlets, or both?
Does a saltwater lake have inlets, outlets, or both?
water that flow both into and out of a freshwater lake carry...
water, sediments, and dissolved minerals
what are the five types of lakes? In order from most common to least common
3. Riverine (floodplains, oxbow lakes)
where are tectonic lakes formed?
In areas of the world where the crust is being stretched apart by tectonic forces.
How are tectonic lakes formed?
as the crust is being stretched apart, entire blocks of the crust can sink down and entire lakes can form in the depressions.