Flashcards in Sedimentary Rocks Deck (74)
Sedimentary rocks are formed from _____
What is sediment?
any broken-down crustal rock
Any rock that has been broken down into smaller pieces is called?
Where does sediment form?
at the surface where rock down
Can sediments be carried away?
Sediments are carried away by the process of...
What can carry away a sediment?
A river can ____ ____ sediment
Once the rock is carried away it may be _____
_____ is the when a rock is deposited
What is deposition?
the process of sediment being deposited
When the sediment forms into solid rock again it can be called a ______ rock
The process of sediment being reconstituted into rock is..
______ is the process that takes deposited sediment and produces a whole rock
Lithification reconstitutes _____ into ______
When we say that rocks are lithified we mean that they are...
What are the three forms of sedimentary rocks?
What are clastic rocks made of?
Clastic rocks are made up of broken-down fragments of rocks
How do we categorize clastic rocks?
according to the size of the sediments that they are made of
We categorize clastic rocks according to the size of their sediments or _____
_____ are the constituent fragments of clastic rocks
What are clasts?
The sediment of the clastic rock
A rock made up of gravel size sediment (chunks of rock) is called either a _____ or _____
If the grave-sized pieces of a clastic rock are rounded then it is...
What is a Conglomerate rock?
a clastic rock that is made up of rounded gravel-size sediment
If the gravel-sized pieces of a clastic rock are angular then it is...
Does Breccia have angular or rounded, gravel-sized sediment?
If a rock is made up of sand-sized pieces we call it...
Are Breccia and Conglomerate made up of gravel-sized or sand-sized pieces?