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Flashcards in Left Realist Deck (9)
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1

Why working classes commit crimes...

Relative deprivation

Marginalisation

Subcultures

2

Social and community crime prevention

Focus on tackling root causes of crime such as poverty, unemployment, poor housing and social reform

3

The square of crime

Crime should be understood by considering how the following elements all work together
State, informal social control, offender, victim

4

State

The state is loosing the fight against crime
Loss of public confidence in the police
Consensus/ community style policing is more effective when the police are part of the community

5

Informal social control

the community is most effective in controlling crime as fears of stigmatisation and rejection reduce crime

6

Offender

Must explain crime in terms of root causes
But must not excuse criminals

7

Victim

Fear of crime influences behaviour

8

Evaluation

+ offers ideas about what can be done about crime
+ the strength of both realist approaches offers solutions

- marxists would criticise the focus on petty crimes and not corporate
- focuses on ethnic minorities so advocates racist stereotypes

9

Multiagency working

Policy example
Involves everyone in the fight against crime