Functionalism- Merton Flashcards Preview

Sociology- Crime & Deviance Theories > Functionalism- Merton > Flashcards

Flashcards in Functionalism- Merton Deck (8)
Loading flashcards...
1

'The strain to anomie'

Socially approved goals are not available through socially approved means so lead to frustration & resorting to illegitimate means

2

Conformity

Typical law abiding citizens
Accept goals & means

3

Innovation

Shoplifters, thiefs etc.
Those at the lower end of the class structure & under greater pressures
Accept goals but regret means

4

Ritualism

Lower or middle class in dead end jobs with no goals
Accept means but reject goals

5

Retreatism

Drop outs from the rat race- alcoholism, drug addiction , chosen homelessness
Reject goals and means

6

Rebellion

Replace goals and means with their own
Examples include- political radicals, counter cultures, hippies or terrorists

7

Evaluation +

Shows how both deviant and normal behaviour arises from goals
Explains patterns in crimes- lower classes commit for etc.

8

Evaluation -

Doesn't explain why people choose to be different types of deviant
Ignores power of ruling class