Functionalism- Cloward & Ohlin Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Functionalism- Cloward & Ohlin Deck (7)
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1

Legitimate opportunity structure

Opportunities to be successful through legitimate means
Varies through classes and races etc

2

Illegitimate opportunity structure

Opportunities to be a successful criminal also vary
For example different neighbourhoods

3

Criminal subculture

Occurs in areas where there is already a criminal underworld
So adolescences become 'apprentice criminals'
They learn from older men

4

Conflict subculture

No clean criminal underworld to organise young men into the life of crime
So men turn to gangs and territorial boundaries for identity
E.g. Patrick's Glasgow gang observed

5

Retreatist subculture

These subcultures are double faulted
Failed to find success through criminal behaviour or through territorial conflict
So form a retreatist subculture

6

Evaluation +

Provide explanation for different types of working class deviance
Provides explanation for non economic crimes

7

Evaluation -

Ignore crimes of wealthy
Marxists would argue they ignore wider power structures
Raises postmodernist question does a main stream culture even exist