Flashcards in GIGU Cases Deck (23)
UTI encompasses what 4 things?
A complicated UTI will have what that an uncomplicated UTI will not have?
Systemic problems - fever, flank pain, CVA tenderness
History of abnormal voiding
Foreign body - catheter, stone
Why is it important to distinguish between a complicated and uncomplicated UTI?
It determines the duration of treatment
Symptomatic infection of the kidneys
For pyelonephritis, what basic labs should you get?
BMP, urinalysis, urine microscopy
For a severe case of pyelonephritis, what scan should you order?
What muscle is commonly in spasm with an acute and chronic renal patient?
For pyelonephritis, what vertebral levels are somatic dysfunctions commonly found?
2 categories of bowel obstructions?
Most common cause of a mechanical bowel obstruction?
From worse to worser, what are the levels of bowel obstructions?
Most common cause of a functional bowel obstruction?
Dysmotility that prevents intestinal content from moving
When is an Ileus common?
Ileus, transient or permanent?
What is the gold standard scan for a bowel obstruction?
Anterior colon chapman point?
Anterior IT band
Impairment of renal filtration that results in retention of waste products
AKI is a _____ not a structural injury to the kidney
For a pre-renal AKI, what is very common finding in the history?
FLUID LOSS - vomiting, diarrhea, etc.
Physical exam findings of volume depletion?
Poor skin turgor
Dry mucous membranes (tongue)
What are the labs to obtain on all patients with an AKI?
Urinalysis with urine microscopy