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Flashcards in final 150 Deck (28)
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1

Why did Europeans come to America to colonize?

they were looking for gold and silver

2

Virginia Company

It was a joint stock company that gained a charter to establish Jamestown

3

Jamestown

there was no gold here. tobacco saved Jamestown

4

John Smith

English explorer and early leader of the Jamestown Colony

5

Pocahontas

>daughter of chief Powhatan
>saved the life of john smith and married john Rolfe

6

John Rolfe

the husband of Pocahontas

7

Tobacco

saved Jamestown

8

Bacon’s Rebellion

Bacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley

9

Plymouth colony

English colonial venture in North America from 1620 to 1691. The first settlement of the Plymouth Colony was at New Plymouth, a location previously surveyed and named by Captain John Smith.

10

Pilgrims

Separatists who came to the colonies for religious freedom on the mayflower

11

Mayflower

The Mayflower was an English ship that famously transported the first English Puritans

12

Mayflower Compact

The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony

13

William Bradford

>led pilgrims for over 30 years
>famous for writing Plymouth Plantation

14

Squanto and Samoset

Wampanoag Indians

15

Puritans

>had little tolerance for other religions
>believes were based on the Bible

16

Massachusetts Bay Colony

The Massachusetts Bay Colony was an English settlement on the east coast of North America in the 17th century around the Massachusetts Bay

17

John Winthrop

Governor of puritans and led many to modern day Boston to live

18

Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams

they were both taken to trial over disagreeing with puritans and were kicked out of Massachusetts and formed Rhode Island

19

Salem Witch Trials

a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft where many who were falsely accused, were killed

20

William Penn

>he was a Quaker
>founded Pennsylvania

21

Quakers

>were tolerant of other people's views
>pacifists
>positive treatment towards woman and native Americans

22

Pacifists

people who refuse to fight or use force

23

James Oglethorpe’s debtor and buffer colony

he created Georgia as a buffer state to keep other states separate. he was the first governor

24

the great awakening

a number of periods of religious revival in American Christian history.

25

Triangular Trade

a system in which slaves,crops, and manufactured goods were traded between Africa, the Caribbean and the American colonies

26

Poor Richard’s Almanack, Albany Plan of Union and Join or Die Cartoon

Join, or Die is a political cartoon, drawn by Benjamin Franklin.

27

John Peter Zenger Trial

accused the governor corruption of New York weekly journal and thrown in jail. he's was fount not guilty

28

Cause of French and Indian War

failure of Albany plan of union