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Flashcards in chapter 17 Deck (34)
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1

What was the capital of the Confederate States of America?

Richmond va

2

What were border states?

divided over the issue of slavery

3

Did the Union or Confederacy have the larger army?

Union/North

4

What was the main goal for the North at the beginning of the war?

reunite the country

5

What was the name of the Union war plan to choke out the Confederacy?

Anaconda plan

6

What was the main goal for the South in the Civil War?

preserve their way of life

7

How did both sides name battles in the Civil War?

South named battle after cities or towns.
North named after landmarks.

8

What was the first major battle of the Civil War?

First battle of bull run

9

Who were the two generals of the First Battle of Bull Run?

gen. Irving McDowell and gen. pgt beaureguard

10

Why did the Confederate troops become inspired during the First Battle of Bull Run?

reinforcements

11

Who was one of the most gifted tactical commanders in American History and was a Confederate General at Bull Run?

Thomas "stonewall" Jackson

12

What caused the Union troops to drop their weapons and retreat in the First Battle
of Bull Run?

the confederates let out a rebel call scaring them

13

Why did the Confederate troops not pursue the fight after their victory at Bull
Run?

they were too weak and disorganized

14

What battles gave the Union control of the Columbia and Tennessee Rivers?

fort Henry and fort donelson

15

What was the warship that the South rebuilt with iron plates on the sides?

the Merrimack

16

What was the general name for iron plated ships that the South used to break
through the North’s defense?

Ironsides

17

What was the Battle of Shiloh named after?

a church near the north (union) resting point in sw Tennessee

18

What was the single bloodiest day of fighting in the Civil War?

battle of Antietam

19

What did Lincoln shift his focus in the war towards after Antietam?

taking action against slavery

20

The Civil War was the first time thousands of women did what?

served in nursing

21

What were the 3 reasons the Southern economy suffered more than that of the
North?

~lack of industry
~shortages of essential good due to the blockade
~farmland being overrun

22

What did Lincoln sign on January 1st, 1863?

the emancipation proclamation

23

Who believed that the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation was the greatest
event in US History?

Fredrick Douglas

24

What was the most well known African-American regiment in the Civil War?

54th Massachusetts

25

What was the turning point of the Civil War?

Gettysburg and Vicksburg

26

What speech was about equality, freedom, and states’ rights no longer being
dominant?

the Gettysburg address

27

What three things was the Gettysburg Address about?

~equality
~freedom
~states' rights not being dominate

28

What was important about David Farragut?

he was the highest ranking officer in the union navy and helped secure mobile bay in Alabama

29

Where was Sherman’s “march to the sea” headed toward?

savannah Georgia

30

Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Ulysses S. Grant?

Appomattox court house