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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (34)
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1

What was the capital of the Confederate States of America?

Richmond, Virginia

2

What were border states?

States divided over the issue or slavery

3

Did the Union or Confederacy have the larger army?

Union

4

What was the main goal for the North at the beginning of the war?

Reunite the country

5

What was the name of the Union war plan to choke out the Confederacy?

Anaconda plan

6

What was the main goal for the South in the Civil War?

Preserve their way of life

7

How did both sides name battles in the Civil War?

South-cities
North-rivers and landmarks

8

What was the first major battle of the Civil War?

First Battle of Bull Run

9

Who were the two generals of the First Battle of Bull Run?

Union- General Irvin McDowell
Confederacy- General P.G.T. Beauregard

10

Why did the Confederate troops become inspired during the First Battle of Bull Run?

By reinforcements led by General Thomas Jefferson

11

Who was one of the most gifted tactical commanders in American History and was a Confederate General at Bull Run?

Thomas "SoneWall" Jackson

12

What caused the Union troops to drop their weapons and retreat in the First Battle of Bull Run?

The confederates let out a loud and strange scream

13

Why did the Confederate troops not pursue the fight after their victory at Bull Run?

They were too disorganized and weakened

14

What battles gave the Union control of the Columbia and Tennessee Rivers?

The Battle of Fort Henry and Battle of Fort Donelson

15

What was the warship that the South rebuilt with iron plates on the sides?

Merrimack

16

What was the general name for iron plated ships that the South used to break through the North’s defense?

Ironsides

17

What was the Battle of Shiloh named after?

A church near their resting point

18

What was the single bloodiest day of fighting in the Civil War?

The Battle of Antietam

19

What did Lincoln shift his focus in the war towards after Antietam?

Taking action against slavery

20

The Civil War was the first time thousands of women did what?

Served as nurses

21

What were the 3 reasons the Southern economy suffered more than that of the North?

Lack of industry, shortage of essential goods due to blockade, and farmland being overrun

22

What did Lincoln sign on January 1st, 1863?

The Emancipation Proclamation

23

Who believed that the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation was the greatest event in US History?

Fredrick Douglass

24

What was the most well known African-American regiment in the Civil War?

The 54th Massachusetts

25

What was the turning point of the Civil War?

The unions victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg

26

What speech was about equality, freedom, and states’ rights no longer being dominant?

The Gettysburg Address

27

What three things was the Gettysburg Address about?

Equality, freedom, and states rights no longer bring dominant

28

What was important about David Farragut?

He helped secure Mobile Bay in Alabama

29

Where was Sherman’s “march to the sea” headed toward?

Savannah, Georgia

30

Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Ulysses S. Grant?

In a small Virginia village called Appromattox