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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (41)
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1

What was the change from an agrarian society to one based on industry?

Industrial Revolution

2

Where did the Industrial Revolution begin in America?

New England

3

What is capitalism?

Individuals put their capital into a business in hopes of making a profit and the economic system of America

4

What is money used for an investment?

Capital

5

What is a system where people are free to buy, sell, and produce what they want
and can work where they wish?

Free Enterprise System

6

What sets the prices of goods in a free enterprise system?

Supply and demand

7

What is technology?

Science discoveries that simplify work

8

What gives inventors legal rights to their inventions?

Patens

9

Who invented the Cotton Gin?

Eli Whitney

10

Who opened the first textile mill in the US?

Samuel Slater

11

What happened to demand for cotton as a result of textile mill growth in New
England?

It grew

12

What was the cause of the growth of cities and towns in the North?

The growth of factories in the North

13

What is the difference between urban and rural?

Urban=city
Rural=country

14

What were the three things necessary for Western Expansion in the United States?

Roads,steamboats,and canals

15

Who led a failed expedition into Kentucky, but wrote journal writings that would
help future explorers settle there?

Dr. Thomas Walker

16

Who was the first permanent European settler in modern day Tennessee?

William Bean

17

Why was the Cumberland Gap important to the Wilderness Road?

It provided a path to be created that made passing through the Appalachian Mountains easier

18

What was the importance of the Wilderness Road to the development of
Tennessee?

It aided the early exploration of TN and made it easier to pass through

19

Who blazed the trail for the Wilderness Road?

Daniel Boone

20

Where was the first capital of the Southwest Territory?

Rocky Mount

21

Who was the first person to be voted in as a Senator from Tennessee?

William Blount

22

What was important about John Sevier?

He was the first governor

23

What is a long hunter?

A skilled forester for at least 6 months at a time

24

What is a turnpike?

A toll road

25

What road became important to the development of Tennessee because it allowed
farmers to get back to middle Tennessee after selling crops?

The Natchez trace

26

Who created the first steamboat?

Robert Fulton

27

Steamboats improved the transport of what two things?

Goods and passengers

28

What are artificial waterways?

Canals

29

What canal connected Albany to Buffalo and opened up New York to even more
trade opportunities?

Erie Canal

30

Who was the President in 1817?

James Monroe