Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (41)
What was the change from an agrarian society to one based on industry?
Where did the Industrial Revolution begin in America?
What is capitalism?
Individuals put their capital into a business in hopes of making a profit and the economic system of America
What is money used for an investment?
What is a system where people are free to buy, sell, and produce what they want
and can work where they wish?
Free Enterprise System
What sets the prices of goods in a free enterprise system?
Supply and demand
What is technology?
Science discoveries that simplify work
What gives inventors legal rights to their inventions?
Who invented the Cotton Gin?
Who opened the first textile mill in the US?
What happened to demand for cotton as a result of textile mill growth in New
What was the cause of the growth of cities and towns in the North?
The growth of factories in the North
What is the difference between urban and rural?
What were the three things necessary for Western Expansion in the United States?
Who led a failed expedition into Kentucky, but wrote journal writings that would
help future explorers settle there?
Dr. Thomas Walker
Who was the first permanent European settler in modern day Tennessee?
Why was the Cumberland Gap important to the Wilderness Road?
It provided a path to be created that made passing through the Appalachian Mountains easier
What was the importance of the Wilderness Road to the development of
It aided the early exploration of TN and made it easier to pass through
Who blazed the trail for the Wilderness Road?
Where was the first capital of the Southwest Territory?
Who was the first person to be voted in as a Senator from Tennessee?
What was important about John Sevier?
He was the first governor
What is a long hunter?
A skilled forester for at least 6 months at a time
What is a turnpike?
A toll road
What road became important to the development of Tennessee because it allowed
farmers to get back to middle Tennessee after selling crops?
The Natchez trace
Who created the first steamboat?
Steamboats improved the transport of what two things?
Goods and passengers
What are artificial waterways?
What canal connected Albany to Buffalo and opened up New York to even more