Exam 5 Upper Extremity 52X Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 5 Upper Extremity 52X Deck (86)
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1

What test is conducted to assess the patency of the radial and ulnar arteries and the collateral circulation in order to reduce risk of ischemia prior to radial arterial blood sampling or cannulation?

Allen's Test

2

What are the general steps for conducting the Allen test?

1) Patient places hand palm up
2) Pressure is applied over the Radial and Ulnar arteries
3) Patient makes a fist for about 30 sec.
4) Patient opens hand
5) Ulnar occlusion is released
6) Return of color within 7 seconds indicates patent ulnar artery
7) ABG or cannulation of the Radial artery may now occur

3

Branches of what arteries supply blood to the hand?

Radial Artery
Ulnar Artery

4

Which artery branches near the wrist into superficial and deep branches in which the superficial branch gives rise to the superficial palmar arch?

Ulnar artery

5

Which artery completes the remainder of the superficial palmar arch?

Superficial branch of Radial artery

6

The anatomical snuff box is formed by which tendons of the hand?

Abductor pollicis longus
Extensor pollicis brevis
Extensor pollicis longus

7

What nerve provides cutaneous innervation to the anatomical snuff box and surrounding area?

Superficial branch of radial nerve

8

What are the muscles located between the metacarpals and which are responsible for abduction of the digits and which are responsible for adduction of the digits?

Interossei Muscles
-4 Dorsal Interosseous Muscles: Abduct digits
-3 Palmar interosseous Muscles: Adduct digits

9

Which nerve innervates the Interossei muscles?

Ulnar Nerve deep branch

10

All muscles of the posterior compartment are innervated by which nerve?

Radial Nerve

11

The origin of the Long Head of the Triceps Brachii?

Infraglenoid Tubercle of Scapula

12

The origin of the Lateral head of the Triceps Brachii?

Humerus (Posterior, superior to radial groove)

13

The origin of the Medial head of the Triceps Brachii?

Humerus (Posterior, inferior to radial groove)

14

The Triceps Brachii insertion?

Olecranon Process of Ulna (via triceps brachii tendon)

15

What are the actions of the Triceps Brachii?

-Extends forearm at elbow joint
-Extends arm at shoulder joint

16

Which nerve innervates the Triceps brachii?

Radial Nerve

17

What is the major muscle of the posterior compartment?

Triceps Brachii

18

Which head of the Triceps Brachii is the only head with origin above the shoulder joint?

Long Head of the Triceps Brachii

19

Which muscles has its origin at the lateral epicondyle of the posterior Humerus and insertion at the upper posterior surface of the ulnar olecranon?

Anconeus

20

What is the action of the Anconeus muscle?

Extension of forearm
(Assists the triceps brachii)

21

The Anconeus is innervated by which nerve?

Radial Nerve

22

What is the name of the major artery that supplies the arm and is a continuation of the axillary artery?

Brachial Artery

23

Where does the Brachial Artery extend from and to where?

-From: Lower border of teres major
-To: Inferior part of the cubital fossa

24

What does the Brachial artery terminate as? (Branches into what arteries)

Terminates as Radial and Ulnar Arteries

25

What are the Branches of the Brachial artery prior to termination point and which is the major, deep branch?

-Profunda Brachii Artery: Major and deep
-Ulnar Collaterals

26

What are the Superficial and Deep major veins of the arm?

-Superficial: Cephalic and Basilic Vein
-Deep: Brachial Vein

27

What veins of the arm are located beneath the skin and are superficial to the brachial fascia throughout much of their course?

Cephalic and Basilic Veins

28

What may occur if the if the Median Cubital vein is very large?

Divert most/all blood to Basillic vein. Superior Cephalic may be absent

29

What are the Four main nerves that provide innervation of the upper extremity?

Musculocutaneous Nerve
Radial Nerve
Median Nerve
Ulnar Nerve

30

Of the four main nerves which two have no branches in the arm?

Median Nerve
ulnar Nerve