Exam 5 Upper Extremity 50X Flashcards Preview

A&P I IPAP 3-17 > Exam 5 Upper Extremity 50X > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 5 Upper Extremity 50X Deck (93)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the components of the upper limb?

Shoulder
Arm (First segment of Free Upper Limb)
Forearm (Elbow to wrist)
Hand (Wrist, Palm, Dorsum of Hand, Fingers)

2

The shoulder component of the upper limb lies in what areas?

Proximal Segment of limb overlaps thorax and back of trunk, plus Lower lateral neck

3

The Pectoral Girdle (Shoulder Girdles) attaches what?

Bones of Upper Limbs to the Axial Skeleton
(Pectoral Girdle = component of appendicular skeleton)

4

What makes up the Pectoral Girdle (Shoulder Girdles)?

Clavicle
Scapula

5

The Clavicle articulates with what bones and lies superior to what?

Articulates: Sternum and Scapula
Superior to: 1st Rib

6

The Conoid Tubercle is the site of attachment for what?

Conoid portion of the Coracoclavicular ligament

7

The coracoclavicular ligament is located where?

Between the clavicle and coracoid process of scapula

8

What Scapulae landmark is the lateral end of the scapula spine and the high point of the shoulder?

Acromion

9

What is the name of the cavity that accepts the head of the humerus, forming what joint?

Glenoid Cavity
Forms: Glenohumeral Joint

10

The thin edge of the scapula makes up what portion of the scapula and lies near?

Medial Border (Vertebral Border) lies near the vertebral column

11

The thick edge of the scapula makes up what portion of the scapula?

Lateral Border (Axillary Border)

12

The Scapula medial and lateral borders join (meet) at?

Inferior Angle

13

The Scapula Superior border and Medial Border join at?

Superior Angle

14

What is the name of the indentation along the superior border of the scapula?

Scapular notch (Suprascapular notch)

15

What passes through the Suprascapular notch?

Suprascapular Nerve

16

What is the projection at the lateral end of the superior border of the scapula in which tendons of muscles and ligaments attach?

Coracoid Process

17

Name the muscles whose tendons attach to the Coracoid Porcess?

Pectoralis Minor
Coracorbrachialis
Short Head of Biceps Brachii

18

Name the two ligaments that comprise the Coracolavicular ligament which attach the clavicle and Coracoid Process of the scapula, providing stability to the acromioclavicular joint?

Conoid
Trapezoid

19

Where does the Supraspinatus Muscle and Infraspinatus Muscle attach to the scapula?

Supraspinous Fossa
Infraspinous Fossa

20

The Subscapular Fossa on the anterior surface of the scapula is the site of attachment for which muscle?

Subscapularis Muscle

21

What is the name of the ligament that traverses the scapular notch and converts it into a foramen?

Superior Transverse Scapular Ligament

22

What muscle originates near the scapular notch and frequently extends to the superior transverse scapular ligament?

Omohyoid Muscle

23

What Passes under the Superior Transverse Scapular Ligament and what passes over the ligament?

-Suprascapular nerve travels under
-Suprascapular artery travels over

24

What is the name of the ligament that attaches the Acromion of the Scapula to the Coracoid process of the scapula?

Coracoacromial Ligament

25

The Suprascapular nerve and Suprascapular artery travel through what portion of the scapula after innervating the supraspinatus muscle?

Notch at the neck of the scapula

26

What muscles do the Suprascapular nerve and artery innervate and provide blood for?

-Supraspinatus Muscle
-Infraspinatus Muscle

27

The Suprascapular Nerve serves what functions in the upper extremity?

Shoulder Joint: Sensory
Infraspinatus: Motor
Supraspinatus: Motor

28

Suprascapular Neuritis, entrapment neuropathy of Suprascapular nerve as it travels through the Suprascapular notch may occur from what types of injuries?

Overuse of arm
Excessive Traction

29

Prolonged entrapment of the Suprascapular nerve may lead to what?

Visible wasting of supraspinatus and infraspinatus

30

Pectoral Girdle: The Clavicle (sternal end) articulates with the manubrium of the sternum and first costal cartilage at what joint?

Sternoclavicular Joint