Exam 6 Lower Extremity 60X Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 6 Lower Extremity 60X Deck (127)
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1

Name the Regions of the Lower Extremity?

-Gluteal
-Thigh (Femoral)
-Knee
(Patellar: Anterior)
(Popliteal: Posterior)
-Leg (Crural)
(Anterior)
(Calf: Sural)
-Foot (Pedal)

2

The Pelvic girdle is attached to the vertebral column via what joint?

Sacroiliac Joints

3

What bones make up the Hip (os coxae)?

Ilium
Ischium
Pubis

4

In the late teens/early 20s the Ilium, Ischium, and Pubis bones fuse to form a single bone called?

Os Coxae (AKA Innominate Bone)

5

What surface marker on the posterior marks the position of the posterior superior iliac spines and are typically more visible in women?

Skin Dimples

6

The Pelvic Girdle/Bony Pelvis is comprised of which bones?

-Innominate Bones (2) (os coxae)
-Sacrum
-Coccyx

7

What is the name of the anterior joint where the Hip (Coxal) Bones unite called?

Pubis Symphysis

8

The hip bones unite posteriorly with the sacrum to form what joint?

Sacroiliac Joints

9

What does the term pelvis mean?

Basin

10

What consists of complete ring composed of hip bones, pubic symphysis, and sacrum?

Bony Pelvis

11

What portion of the Bony Pelvis is the false (greater) pelvis?

Portion of bony pelvis superior to the pelvic brim

12

What portion of the bony pelvis is the true (lesser) pelvis?

Portion of bony pelvis inferior to the pelvic brim

13

What organs are contained within the pelvic cavity?

-Urinary Bladder
-Portion of Large Intestine
-Internal Organs of reproductive System

14

What are the differences seen in the female Pelvis compared to a males? (as seen anteriorly)

Female:
-False Pelvis shallow
-Pelvic Brim (inlet) larger and more oval
-Acetabulum smaller and anteriorly rotated
-Obturator foramen oval
-Pubic arch >90 degrees

15

What are the differences seen in the female Pelvis compared to a males? (as seen laterally)

Female:
-Iliac crest less curved
-Ilium less vertical
-Greater sciatic notch wide
-Coccyx more movable and more curved anteriorly
-Sacrum shorter and wider

16

What are the differences seen in the female Pelvis compared to a males? (as seen inferiorly)

Female:
-Pelvic outlet wider
-Ischial tuberosity shorter, farther apart, more medially projecting

17

Give Term: An abnormality of the hip in which the angle between the top of the femur and the femoral shaft is smaller than normal.

Coxa Vara

18

Give Term: An abnormality of the hip in which the angle between the top of the femur and the femoral shaft is larger than normal?

Coxa Valga

19

What reasons cause the angle of inclination of the femur to vary?

-Age
-Sex
-Development of Femur
-Pathological Processes (I.e. Ricketts)

20

Give the names and number of bones for each that make up the foot?

Tarsals (7)
-Talus
-Calcaneus
-Navicular
-Cuboid
-Cuneiforms (3)
Metatarsals (5)
Phalanges (14)

21

What are the names of the two (3 technically) arches that the bones of the foot are arranged?

-Longitudinal Arch
Medial part
Lateral part
-Transverse Arch

22

What are the functions of the arches?

-Weight distribution in the foot
-Leverage while walking
-Shock absorber

23

The medial part of the longitudinal arch originates where in the foot and is made up of which bones?

Originates: Calcaneus
Rise to: Talus
Descends through:
-Navicular
-Cuneiforms (3)
-1st, 2nd, 3rd metatarsals to the head

24

The lateral part of the longitudinal arch originates where in the foot and is made up of what bones?

Originates: Calcaneus
Rises: Cuboid
Descends through:
4th and 5th metatarsals to the head

25

What forms the Transverse arch?

Cuboid
Cuneiforms (3)
1-5 Metatarsals at the base

26

What is the normal weight distribution between the ball of the foot and heel? (%)

Ball: 40%
Heel: 60%

27

What structure provides a tight fighting sleeve of support for upright posture, forms compartments, connects "skin" to bone, and is deep to subcutaneous tissue?

Fascia

28

What are the names of three of the fascia found within the lower extremity?

-Fascia lata/Iliotibial band
-Crural fascia
-Retinacula

29

What is the name of the deep fascia of the thigh that has superior attachment to the inguinal ligament and inferior to medial part of inguinal ligament opening for passage of saphenous vein to enter femoral vein? What is the name of the opening?

Fascia Lata
Opening: Saphenous Hiatus

30

The lateral thickening of the fascia lata attaches distally to the lateral tibial condyle and consists of the insertion of the gluteus maximus and tensory fasciae latae muscles, what is this called?

Iliotibial Tract