Flashcards in Exam 6 Lower Extremity 60X Deck (127)
Name the Regions of the Lower Extremity?
The Pelvic girdle is attached to the vertebral column via what joint?
What bones make up the Hip (os coxae)?
In the late teens/early 20s the Ilium, Ischium, and Pubis bones fuse to form a single bone called?
Os Coxae (AKA Innominate Bone)
What surface marker on the posterior marks the position of the posterior superior iliac spines and are typically more visible in women?
The Pelvic Girdle/Bony Pelvis is comprised of which bones?
-Innominate Bones (2) (os coxae)
What is the name of the anterior joint where the Hip (Coxal) Bones unite called?
The hip bones unite posteriorly with the sacrum to form what joint?
What does the term pelvis mean?
What consists of complete ring composed of hip bones, pubic symphysis, and sacrum?
What portion of the Bony Pelvis is the false (greater) pelvis?
Portion of bony pelvis superior to the pelvic brim
What portion of the bony pelvis is the true (lesser) pelvis?
Portion of bony pelvis inferior to the pelvic brim
What organs are contained within the pelvic cavity?
-Portion of Large Intestine
-Internal Organs of reproductive System
What are the differences seen in the female Pelvis compared to a males? (as seen anteriorly)
-False Pelvis shallow
-Pelvic Brim (inlet) larger and more oval
-Acetabulum smaller and anteriorly rotated
-Obturator foramen oval
-Pubic arch >90 degrees
What are the differences seen in the female Pelvis compared to a males? (as seen laterally)
-Iliac crest less curved
-Ilium less vertical
-Greater sciatic notch wide
-Coccyx more movable and more curved anteriorly
-Sacrum shorter and wider
What are the differences seen in the female Pelvis compared to a males? (as seen inferiorly)
-Pelvic outlet wider
-Ischial tuberosity shorter, farther apart, more medially projecting
Give Term: An abnormality of the hip in which the angle between the top of the femur and the femoral shaft is smaller than normal.
Give Term: An abnormality of the hip in which the angle between the top of the femur and the femoral shaft is larger than normal?
What reasons cause the angle of inclination of the femur to vary?
-Development of Femur
-Pathological Processes (I.e. Ricketts)
Give the names and number of bones for each that make up the foot?
What are the names of the two (3 technically) arches that the bones of the foot are arranged?
What are the functions of the arches?
-Weight distribution in the foot
-Leverage while walking
The medial part of the longitudinal arch originates where in the foot and is made up of which bones?
Rise to: Talus
-1st, 2nd, 3rd metatarsals to the head
The lateral part of the longitudinal arch originates where in the foot and is made up of what bones?
4th and 5th metatarsals to the head
What forms the Transverse arch?
1-5 Metatarsals at the base
What is the normal weight distribution between the ball of the foot and heel? (%)
What structure provides a tight fighting sleeve of support for upright posture, forms compartments, connects "skin" to bone, and is deep to subcutaneous tissue?
What are the names of three of the fascia found within the lower extremity?
-Fascia lata/Iliotibial band
What is the name of the deep fascia of the thigh that has superior attachment to the inguinal ligament and inferior to medial part of inguinal ligament opening for passage of saphenous vein to enter femoral vein? What is the name of the opening?
Opening: Saphenous Hiatus