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Flashcards in Developmental Theories Deck (17)
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1
Define:

Erik Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development

They are stages that a client goes through in order to be emotionally stable

If the client does not go through the stage, there can be life-long emotional problems.

2

At what age does a client go through the Trust vs. Mistrust stage?

Trust vs. Mistrust stage

  • infancy to 18 months old

3

At what age does the client go through the Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt stage?

Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt stage

  • early childhood: 18 months - 3 years old

4

At what age does a client go through the Initiative vs. Guilt stage?

Initiative vs. Guilt stage

  • late childhood: 3 - 6 years old

5

At what age does a client go through the Industry vs. Inferiority stage

Industry vs. Inferiority stage

  • school age: 6 - 12 years old

6

At what age does a client go through the Identity vs. Role confusion stage?

Identity vs. Role confusion stage

  • adolescence: 12 - 20 years old

7

At what age does a client go through the Intimacy vs. Isolation stage?

Intimacy vs. Isolation stage

  • early adulthood: 20 - 35 years old

8

At what age does a client go through the Generativity vs. Stagnation stage?

Generativity vs. Stagnation stage

  • middle adulthood: 35 - 65 years old

9

At what age does a client go through the Integrity vs. Despair stage?

Integrity vs. Despair stage

  • later adulthood: 65 years - death

10

What actions help an infant get through the Trust vs. Mistrust stage?

Trust vs. Mistrust stage:

  • hold and comfort baby
  • feed when needed
  • change diapers as needed

If these actions are not taken the infant may not go through the stage successfully.

11

What actions help a toddler get through the Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt stage?

Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt stage:

  • allow self-feeding
  • encourage putting on and off of clothes
  • give simple choices

If these actions are not taken the toddler may not go through the stage successfully.

12

What actions help a preschool-aged child get through the Initiative vs. Guilt stage?

Initiative vs. Guilt stage:

  • give medical equipment to play with
  • dolls and puppets for pretend
  • accept their choices
  • let them express feelings

If these actions are not taken the preschool-aged child may not go through the stage successfully.

13

What actions help a school-aged child get through the Industry vs. Inferiority stage?

Industry vs. Inferiority stage:

  • let child do schoolwork while in hospital
  • encourage their hobbies
  • explain the procedure a few days beforehand

If these actions are not taken the school-aged child may not go through the stage successfully.

14

What actions help an adolescent get through the Identity vs. Role confusion stage?

Identity vs. Role confusion stage:

  • perform physical exam without parents there (adolescent gets embarrassed easily)
    • have another adult in the room for safety reasons
  • encourage friends and peers to visit while in hospital

If these actions are not taken the adolescent may not go through the stage successfully.

15

What actions help a young adult get through the Intimacy vs. Isolation stage?

Intimacy vs. Isolation stage:

  • encourage partner support
  • may need social services or rehab before going back to work

If these actions are not taken the young adult may not go through the stage successfully.

16

What actions help a middle-aged adult get through the Generativity vs. Stagnation stage?

Generativity vs. Stagnation stage:

  • encourage socialization and volunteering

If these actions are not taken the middle-aged client may not go through the stage successfully.

17

What actions help an older adult get through the Integrity vs. Despair stage?

Integrity vs. Despair stage:

  • listen to their stories
  • help with retirement living

If these actions are not taken the older adult may not go through the stage successfully.