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Principles of veterinary nursing > Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Definitions Deck (64)
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31

Constipation

Failure to pass faeces of normal frequency or consistency

32

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver

33

Cirrhosis

A degenerative change, causing fibrosis of the organ, resulting in a loss of functional cells and therefore a loss in normal function

34

Ascites

Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity

35

Jaundice

Elevated levels of bilirubin in the tissues and circulation, resulting in s yellowing of the skin and mucous membranes

36

Nephritis

Inflammation of the kidney

37

Glomerulonephritis

Inflammation of the glomerulus

38

Pyelonephritis

Inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis

39

Interstitial nephritis

Inflammation of the renal interstitum

40

Cystitis

Inflammation of the urinary bladder

41

Urinary incontinence

Involuntary passing of urine

42

Urinary Tenesmus

Straining to pass urine

43

Haematuria

The presence of blood in the urine

44

Polyuria

Passing of increased volumes of urine

45

Dysuria

Difficulty and pain passing urine

46

Oliguria

Reduced urine production

47

Anuria

Absence of urine production

48

Pollakiuria

Abnormal frequency of urination (used in paediatrics, where it is a benign condition), passing very small amounts of urine

49

Convulsions

A series of involuntary contractions of the muscles

50

Seizures

Clinical manifestation of a paroxysmal cerebral disorder resulting from a transitory disturbance of brain function due to abnormal electrical activity

51

Epilepsy

An intracranial disorder that produces recurrent seizures

52

Status Epilepticus

Life threatening series of epileptic spasms without intervals of consciousness

53

Paresis

Weakness of one or more limbs

54

Hemiplegia

Paralysis of one side of the body

55

Paraplegia

Paralysis of the caudal limbs

56

Tetraplegia

Paralysis of all four limbs

57

Myosotis

Inflammation of a voluntary muscle

58

Tendinitis

Inflammation of a tendon

59

Arthritis

Inflammation of a joint

60

Alopecia

The absence of hair from the areas of the skin where it is normally present; can be partial or complete, symmetrical or patchy, diffuse or focal