Chapter 21 - Pre-Incident Planning and Code Enforcement Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 21 - Pre-Incident Planning and Code Enforcement Deck (38)
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1

Adoption by reference

Method of code adoption in which the specific edition of a model code is referred to within the adopting ordinance or regulation

2

Adoption by transcription

Method of code adoption in which the entire text of the code is published within the adopting ordinance or regulation

3

Authority having jurisdiction (AHJ)

An organization responsible for enforcing the requirements of a code or standard, or for approving equipment, materials, an installation, or a procedure

4

Automatic Sprinkler System

A system of pipes with water under pressure that allows water to be discharged immediately when a sprinkler head operates

5

Business Continuity Planning

An ongoing process to ensure that the necessary steps are taken to identify the impact of potential losses and maintain viable recovery strategies, recovery plans, and continuity of services

6

Catastrophic theory of reform

An approach in which fire prevention codes or firefighting procedures are changed in reaction to a fire disaster

7

Construction Type

The combination of materials used in the construction of a building or structure, based on the varying degrees of fire resistance and combustibility

8

Floor Plans

Views of a building's interior

9

Fuel Load

The total quantity of all combustible products found within a room or space

10

High-risk Property

Structure that has the potential for a catastrophic property or life loss in the event of a fire

11

High-value Property

Structure that contains equipment, materials, or items that have a high replacement value

12

Masonry Wall

A wall that consists of brick, stone, concrete block, terra cotta, tile, adobe, precast, or cast-in-place concrete

13

Mini/Max Codes

Codes developed and adopted at the state level for either mandatory or optional enforcement by local governments; these codes cannot be amended by local governments

14

Mitigation

Measures taken to limit or control the consequences, extent, or severity of an incident that cannot be reasonably prevented

15

Model Codes

Codes generally developed through the consensus process with the use of technical committees developed by a code-making organization

16

Occupancy Type

The purpose for which a building or a portion thereof is used or intended to be used

17

Ongoing compliance inspection

Inspection of an existing occupancy to observe the housekeeping and confirm that the built-in fire protection features, such as fire exit doors and sprinkler systems are in good working order

18

Ordinance

A law established by an authorized subdivision of state, such as city, county or town

19

Plot plan

A representation of the exterior of a structure, identifying doors, utilities access, and any special considerations or hazards

20

Pre-incident plan

A written document resulting from the gathering of general and detailed data to be used by responding personnel for determining the resources and actions necessary to mitigate anticipated emergencies at a specific facility

21

Regulations

Orders written by a governmental agency in accordance with the statute or ordinance authorizing the agency to create the regulation. Regulations are not laws, but have the force of law

22

Risk Assessment

The process of identifying hazards, monitoring those hazards, determining the likelihood of their occurrence, and assessing the vulnerability of people, property, the environment, and the entity itself to those hazards

23

Use Group

A category in the building code classification system in which buildings and structures are grouped together by their use and by the characteristics of their occupants

24

The Fire Officer looks at a building from two different perspectives

Handling an emergency in the building
Performing a fire and life-safety inspection to ensure that the building meets the appropriate fire code requirements

25

What is a Pre-Incident Plan

A document developed by gathering general and detailed data used by responding personnel to determine the resources and actions necessary to mitigate anticipated emergencies at a specific facility

26

6 Steps of NFPA 1620 to developing a Pre-Incident Plan

1. Identify physical elements and site considerations
2. Identify occupant considerations
3. Identify fire protection systems and water supply
4. Identify special hazards
5. Identify emergency operation considerations
6. Identify special or unusual characteristics of common occupancies

27

Fire Code Concept

Fire code requirements are often adopted or amended in reaction to fire disasters, an approach known as the catastrophic theory of reform

28

Building Code

Regulations that apply to the construction of a new building or to an extension or major renovation of an existing building

29

Fire Code

Regulations that apply to existing buildings and to situations that involve a potential fire risk or hazard

30

Concept

Regulations that applied to a particular building at the time it was built remain in effect as long as it is occupied for the same purpose