Chapter 10 - Safety and Risk Management Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Safety and Risk Management Deck (36)
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1

Accident

An unplanned event that interrupts an activity and sometimes causes injury or damage

2

Hazard

Any arrangement of materials and heat sources that presents the potential for harm, such as personal injury or ignition of combustibles

3

Health and Safety Officer

The member of the fire department assigned and authorized by the fire chief as the manager of the safety and health program

4

Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH)

Any condition that would do one or more of the following: 1 pose an immediate or delayed threat to life, 2 cause irreversible adverse health effects, 3 interfere with an individual's ability to escape unaided from a hazardous environment

5

Incident Action Plan (IAP)

The objectives reflecting the overall incident strategy, tactics, risk management, and member safety that are developed by the incident commander

6

Incident Command System (ICS)

A system that defines the roles and responsibilities to be assumed by personnel and the operating procedures to be used in the management and direction of emergency operations

7

Incident Safety Officer

An individual appointed to respond to or assigned at an incident scene by the incident commander to perform the duties and responsibilities specified in NFPA 1521

8

Incident Safety Plan

The strategies and tactics developed by the incident safety officer based on the incident commander's incident action plan and the type of incident encountered

9

Incident Scene Rehabilitation

The tactical-level management unit that provides for medical evaluation, treatment, monitoring, fluid and food replenishment, mental rest, and relief from climatic conditions of an incident

10

Operational Period

A term used in a written incident action plan identifying a period of time during a long-term incident that a specific incident action plan covers

11

Personnel Accountability System

A method of tracking the identity, assignment, and location of fire fighters operating at an incident scene

12

Pre-incident Plan

A written document resulting from the gathering of general and detailed data to be used by responding personnel for determining the resources and actions necessary to mitigate anticipated emergencies at a specific facility

13

Rapid Intervention Crew (RIC)

A dedicated crew of four fire fighters who are assigned for rapid deployment to rescue lost or trapped members

14

Rehabilitation

The process of providing rest, rehydration, nourishment, and medical evaluation to members who are involved in extended or extreme incident scene operations

15

Risk-Benefit Analysis

A decision made by a responder based on a hazard and situation assessment that weighs the risks likely to be taken against the benefits to be gained

16

Risk Management

Identification and analysis of exposure to hazards, selection of appropriate risk management techniques to handle exposures, implementation of chosen chosen techniques, and monitoring of results, with respect to the health and safety of members

17

Safety Unit

A member of members assigned to assist the incident safety officer; the tactical-level management unit that can be composed of the incident safety officer alone or with additional assistant safety officers assigned to assist in providing the level of safety supervision appropriate for the magnitude of the incident and the associated hazards

18

Concept

The fire officer is responsible for ensuring that every fire fighter completes every incident without serious injury, disability, or death

19

Goal of firefighternearmiss.com

To track incidents that avoided serious injury or death, to identify trends, and to share the information with other fire fighters in a confidential and non-punitive way

20

Concept

Heart attacks are the leading cause of death for fire fighters, accounting for 41% of all line-of-duty deaths from 2007-2011.

21

Concept

Motor vehicle collisions account for the largest percentage of traumatic fire fighter deaths. More than three-fourths of the fatalities from this cause were found to not be wearing a seat belt

22

Concept

Every fire officer should be trained to perform the basic duties of an incident safety officer and prepared to act temporarily in this capacity if he or she is assigned to fill this position by the IC

23

Concept

Some incidents, based on their size, complexity, or duration, require more than one safety officer

24

Rehab Concept

Part of the incident safety officer's role is to ensure that an appropriate rehabilitation process is established

25

Safety Concept

A safety program that is based on preventing fatalities is far from adequate. Every injury, or near miss should be viewed as a potentially fatal or disabling situation

26

Policy Concept

The fire officer needs to fully understand each policy, follow all safety policies and procedures, and ensure that all subordinates fully understand and follow them

27

Concept

Physical fitness and consistent use of PPE should be implemented to prevent injuries and deaths

28

NFPA 1581

Standard on Fire Department Infection Control Program

29

Exposure Concept

The most important first step with any infectious disease exposure is to wash the exposed area immediately with soap and water

30

Health and Safety Officer Role

Ensures that all injuries, illnesses, exposures, fatalities, or other potentially hazardous conditions and all accidents involving fire department vehicles, fire apparatus, equipment, or fire department facilities are thoroughly investigated