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Flashcards in chapter 19 Deck (6)
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1

shaping

differently reinforce successive approximations toward a terminal behavior.

2

differential reinforcement

procedure in which reinforcement is provided for responses that shape a predetermined dimension or quality and reinforcement is withheld for responses that do not demonstrate this quality

3

response differantiation

when differential reinforcement is applied consistently within a response class its dual effects result in a new response class composed primarily of responses sharing the characteristics of the previously reinforced sub class

4

successive approximations

gradually changing criterion for reinforcement during shaping results in succession of new response classes.

5

clicker training

science based system for shaping BX using positive reinforcement.
reinforcement is paired with clicking sound so the sound becomes a conditioned reinforcer

6

guidelines for implementing shaping

- Select the termal BX
-Determine the criterion for success
-analyze the response class
-identify the first BX to reinforce
-eliminate interfering or extraneous stimuli
-proceed in gradual stages
-limit number of approx. at each level
-continue to reinforce when the terminal BX is acheived.