Ch. 6: General Anatomy & Physiology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 6: General Anatomy & Physiology Deck (255)
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241

Define: Peristalsis

Moving food along the digestive tract.

242

Define: Digestion

Breakdown of food by mechanical and chemical means.

243

Define: Absorption

The transport of fully digested food into the circulatory system to feed the tissues and cells.

244

Define: Defecation

Elimination of waste from the body.

245

What is the Excretory System?

The system responsible for purifying the body by eliminating waste matter.

246

The kidneys excrete _____.

Urine

247

The liver discharges _____.

Bile

248

The skin eliminates _____.

Perspiration

249

The large intestine eliminates _____ and _____ food.

Decomposed and Undigested

250

The lungs exhale _____.

Carbon Dioxide.

251

What is the Respiratory System?

The system consisting of the lungs and air passages; enables breathing.

252

Define: Respiration

The process of inhaling and exhaling; the act of breathing.

253

What is the Diaphragm?

A muscular wall that separates the thorax from the abdominal region and helps control breathing.

254

What is the Integumentary System?

It's made up of the skin and its various accessory organs, such as the oil and sweat glands, sensory receptors, hair, and nails.

255

What is the Reproductive System?

* Includes the ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, and vagina in woman; and testes, prostate gland, penis, and urethra in the male.

* Performs the function of producing children and passing on our genetics from one generation to another.