Ch. 1: History & Career Opportunities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 1: History & Career Opportunities Deck (58)
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1

Who were the first to cultivate beauty in an extravagant fashion?

The Egyptians

2

What is Henna?

* A dye obtained from the powdered leaves and shoots of the mignonette tree.
* commonly used as a reddish hair dye and in tattooing.

3

Who used henna as an adornment for body art tattooing & fingernails?

The Egyptians

4

Who was it that saw cleanliness as a means of protection from evil as well as disease?

The Egyptians

5

Who adopted many techniques from other countries due to their nomadic history?

The Hebrews

6

The Hebrews used ____ and ____ to moisten and protect the skin.

Olive, Grapeseed Oil

7

What is Hyssop?

An aromatic plant originally found near the Black Sea and in central Asia.

8

What did the Hebrews use to prepare an ointment for cleansing?

Hyssop

9

What did the Hebrews use to keep in body heat?

Cinnamon Balm

10

What two things were the Hebrews' most useful grooming and health aids? What were they used for?

Myrrh and Pomegranate

* Myrrh in powder form was used to repel fleas, and in tincture form was used for oral hygiene.
* Pomegranate was used as an antiseptic and was helpful in expelling intestinal worms.

11

The word "cosmetics" comes from what Greek word? What does it mean?

kosmetikos. meaning, "skilled in the use of cosmetics"

12

Who was it that determined beauty by how one looked naked?

The Greeks.

13

How did the Greeks regulate their body temperature and protect themselves from the sun?

By frequently bathing in olive oil and dusting their bodies in fine sand.

14

What type of magnificent public buildings were the ancient Romans famous for constructing?

Their baths

15

In ancient Rome, what body therapies were provided by bathhouses for patrons?

Steam Therapy, Body Scrubs, and Massage.

16

After bathing, what did the Romans apply to their skin to keep it healthy and attractive?

Rich oils and Fragrances.

17

What were Roman fragrances made from?

Flowers, Saffron, and Almonds.

18

What two cultures blended their natural scenery into their looks.

Chinese and Japanese

19

What did Chinese aristocrats rub into their nails to turn them crimson or ebony?

A tinted mixture of gum Arabic, gelatin, beeswax, and egg whites.

20

Where was the ancient method of hair removal known as threading invented?

Japan

21

What culture considered black teeth beautiful and appealing from the tenth to the nineteenth century?

Japanese

22

What was a paste to blacken teeth made from?

sake, tea, and iron scraps

23

People from North Africa used what to help prevent oral and tooth disease?

Toothpicks made from the Mignonette tree.

24

What period in European history were towering headdresses, intricate hairstyles, and the use of cosmetics on skin and hair considered beautiful?

The Middle Ages

25

Where on their face did women wear colored makeup during the Middle Ages?

Cheeks and Lips, but not on the Eyes.

26

What was a bare (shaved or tweezed) eyebrow and hairline thought to signify during the Renaissance?

Greater Intelligence

27

What was considered fashionable hair styles during the Renaissance?

Hair was carefully dressed and adorned with ornaments or headdresses, and many women used bleach to make their hair blond.

28

Women from what era bathed in strawberries and milk?

The Age of Extravagance.

29

Women from what era often wore brightly colored pink and orange shades on their cheeks and lips?

The Age of Extravagance

30

What did women from The Age of Extravagance use silk patches for?

To decorate the face and conceal blemishes.