Ch. 5: Infection Contron: Principals & Practices Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 5: Infection Contron: Principals & Practices Deck (89)
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1

Identify and Describe the acronym:

MSDS

Material Safety Data Sheet: information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings.

2

Identify and Describe the acronym:

EPA

The Environmental Protection Agency: registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States.

3

What are Disinfectants?

Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces.

4

What are Hospital Disinfectants?

Are effective for cleaning blood and bodily fluids. They can be used on any nonporous surface in the salon.

5

Define: Nonporous

An item that is made or constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids.

6

Define: Disease

An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of carrying on normal functions.

7

What are Tuberculocidal Disinfectants?

Disinfectants proven to kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.
(A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing or sneezing)

8

What is Tuberculosis?

A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing or sneezing.

9

Identify and Describe the acronym:

OSHA

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration: was created as part of the U.S. Department of Labor to regulate and enforce safety and health standards to protect employees in the workforce.

10

A microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers.

Mycrobacterium Fortuitum

11

Define: Infectious

Caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection.

12

Define: Infection

The invasion of the body tissues by disease-causing pathogens.

13

What is Infection Control?

Methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infections organisms.

14

Define: Clean

"Cleaning" is a mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs from tools, implements, and equipment.

15

What is Disinfection?

The process of 'disinfection' destroys most, but not necessarily all, harmful organisms on environmental surfaces.

16

Define: Bactericidal

Capable of destroying bacteria.

17

Define: Virucidal

Capable of destroying viruses.

18

Define: Fungicidal

Capable of destroying fungi.

19

What is Bacteria?

Single-celled organisms that have both plant and animal characteristics.

20

What is a Microorganism?

Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size.

21

What are two primary types of bacteria?

BONUS:
Define them.

* Nonpathogenic: harmless organisms that may perform useful functions.

* Pathogenic: harmful microorganism stay can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body's

22

What are the functions of Nonpathogenic Bacteria?

* Safe and does not cause disease or harm.
* Used to make yogurt.
* Can exist almost everywhere: skin, under your nails, water, air, decayed matter, environmental surfaces, body secretions, and clothing.

23

Transmission of blood or bodily fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking.

Direct Transmission

24

Transmission of blood or bodily fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface.

Indirect Trransmission

25

A nonscientific synonym for disease-producing organisms.

Germs

26

What are Parasites?

Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as a host), while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites must have a host to survive.

27

What are Toxins?

Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses).

28

A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms.

Virus

29

What are the 3 distinct shapes to help identify bacteria?

Cocci, Bacilli, and Spirilla

30

Describe the appearance of Cocci?

Cocci: round-shaped bacteria that appears singly (alone) or in groups.