Attitude Flashcards Preview

A Level Pe - Psychology > Attitude > Flashcards

Flashcards in Attitude Deck (19)
Loading flashcards...
1

Attitude

A value aimed at an object

2

Socialisation

Process where cultural vales are learnt by associating with others

3

How do we learn attitude

Learnt from significant others when information is reinforced or repeated

4

Attitude formation (positive)

Attitude conditioned by behaviour that is successful and reinforced

5

Attitude formation (negative)

If behaviour is learnt that is negative it can cause a negative attitude if it’s reinforced negatively

6

Triadic model (3 parts)

Cognitive
Affective
Behavioural

7

Cognitive

Your beliefs and thoughts

8

Affective

Your feelings or emotional responses

9

Behavioural

Your actions or intended behaviour

10

How do we learn positive attitudes?

Learned from role models
Familiarisation
Learned from beliefs
Learned from influence of significant others
Learned from enjoyable experiences
Learned by conditioned behaviour

11

Attitude change (2 concepts)

Cognitive dissonance
Persuasive communications

12

Cognitive dissonance

New information given to performer to cause unease and motivate change to their existing beliefs

13

Dissonance

Create some conflict

14

Persuasive communication

You can be talked around but it is hard if core beliefs are stable making people resilient to change

15

How can cognitive dissonance be used?

Making activity more fun and enjoyable than expected potentially changing an opinion.
Bring in a specialist role model from other other to promote topic

16

What should the new information given in persuasive communication do?

It should outweigh old beliefs allowing a change in attitude

17

Who should the message be given by?

By someone of a High status to have an effect

18

Negative attitudes can be changed into positive by:

Persuasion comes from ‘persuasive expert’
Making training fun
Allowing early success
Using positive reinforcement and rewards
Use role models
Cognitive dissonance

19

Positive attitudes means that performers are ...

Prepared to keep trying and enjoying the sport