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A Level Pe - Psychology > Personality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personality Deck (15)
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1

What is personality?

A unique psychological make up

2

Characteristics of trait theory

Born with innate traits
Are stable, consistent, enduring
Extroverted people give opinion loudly
Problem with this is personality change

3

Characteristics of social learning theory

Suggest behaviour is learnt from significant others by social isolation.
We learn from people we hold in high esteem = role models

4

Socialisation

Developing personality traits by associating and learning from others

5

What are the two types of socialisation

Primary - from our family
Secondary - schools,media, learning from others

6

What behaviour do we copy?

Behaviour that we see as successful and powerful and is consistently shown to us

7

Vicarious learning

When a person is motivated to learn by watching someone else work and be rewarded

8

Four steps in vicarious learning?

Observe - identify - reinforced - copy

9

What is the interactionist approach?

A theory which combines trait and social learning to predict behaviour in situations

10

What is The Hollander approach ?

A theory that suggests the personality is made up of 3 features

11

What are the 3 features of the Hollander approach?

The core
Typical responses
Role related behaviour

12

Credulous approach

You believe the theories, you accept a link that personality can predict behaviour

13

Sceptical approach

You don’t believe them, you doubt the link that personality can predict behaviour

14

How could interactionist approach improve performance?

Coach predicts potential aggressive behaviour - remove player before getting sent off.
Coach could change players by encouraging them in situations like penalties.

15

3 ways of measuring personality

Questionnaire
Observations
Interview