Flashcards in Achievement Motivation Deck (12)
The desire with which competitive situations approached or avoided
Atkinson’s two personality types
Approach behaviour - approaches competition with enthusiasm
Avoidance behaviour - tries to avoid the competition
Achievement motivation characteristics (NACH)
Attribute success internally
Need to achieve
Welcomes feedback and evaluation
Tries harder after failure
Achievement motivation characteristics (NAF)
Need to avoid failure
Takes easy option
Gives up easily
Dosent like evaluation and feedback
What determines NACH or NAF?
Approach behaviour depends on the interaction of personality and situation.
The need to achieve or avoid failure are situational specific.
Personality characteristics that are considered to determine NACH or NAF
Need to achieve/avoid failure
Innate or developed
Situational characteristics that determine NACH or NAF
Probability of success
Familiar or unfamiliar environment
High risk = high reward
How to develop need to achieve ?
Use reinforcement (praise/rewards)
Set goals (realistic and achievable, process or outcome goals)
Allow success (encourage, motivate to improve using easy drills)
Attribute success internally ( let player know success is due to them)
Achievement goal theory
Motivation and task persistence depend on the type of goals set and how success is measured
Task related goals :
Measure process of success against performers standards
Regardless of result, success can be achieve and confidence can be maintained.
Outcome related goals :
Dosent matter how the result is achieved as long as goal is achieved.
If performer succeeds pride and satisfaction is maintained.
If they fail to achieve, confidence and motivation can be lowered.