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A Level Pe - Psychology > Achievement Motivation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Achievement Motivation Deck (12)
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1

Achievement motivation

The desire with which competitive situations approached or avoided

2

Atkinson’s two personality types

Approach behaviour - approaches competition with enthusiasm
Avoidance behaviour - tries to avoid the competition

3

Achievement motivation characteristics (NACH)

Attribute success internally
Need to achieve
Take risks
Welcome competition
Welcomes feedback and evaluation
Tries harder after failure

4

Achievement motivation characteristics (NAF)

Need to avoid failure
Avoid competition
Takes easy option
Gives up easily
Dosent like evaluation and feedback

5

What determines NACH or NAF?

Approach behaviour depends on the interaction of personality and situation.
The need to achieve or avoid failure are situational specific.

6

Personality characteristics that are considered to determine NACH or NAF

Need to achieve/avoid failure
Introvert/extrovert
Confidence
Innate or developed
Aggression/arousal/anxiety

7

Situational characteristics that determine NACH or NAF

Probability of success
Incentive value
Familiar or unfamiliar environment
High risk = high reward

8

How to develop need to achieve ?

Use reinforcement (praise/rewards)
Set goals (realistic and achievable, process or outcome goals)
Allow success (encourage, motivate to improve using easy drills)
Attribute success internally ( let player know success is due to them)

9

Achievement goal theory

Motivation and task persistence depend on the type of goals set and how success is measured

10

Task related goals :

Measure process of success against performers standards

Regardless of result, success can be achieve and confidence can be maintained.

11

Outcome related goals :

Dosent matter how the result is achieved as long as goal is achieved.
If performer succeeds pride and satisfaction is maintained.
If they fail to achieve, confidence and motivation can be lowered.

12

Attribute retraining

Changing the reasons given for success and failure