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Intro to Sociology Short > Alienation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Alienation Deck (11)
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1

Alienation is the process through which workers lose control over their ____ and the products of that ____.

labour

2

Marx identifies three principal forms of alienation in modern, capitalist society the human being is alienated from ____, from ____ and from their ______ (their species being).

nature, themselves, fellow human beings

3

In the human being's alienation from ____, Marx sees, in particular, the worker's alienation from their capacity to shape their world

nature

4

In respect of the human being's alienation from ____, Marx argues that capitalism alienates the worker from their own activity and from the product of their activity (ie, 'alienation of things').

themselves

5

Regarding alienation from ________, Marx stipulates that competition between workers for scarce jobs, between capitalists to maximise profits, and class conflict between capitalists and workers have all rendered most forms of co-operation impossible.

fellow human beings

6

All in all, then, human beings in modern, capitalist society have, in Marx's view, lost their ____. They have been reduced to an animal existence.

humanity

7

The fact that the worker, in particular, is separated from nature, themself, their activity, the product of their activity and others, all confirm the total ____ conditions of modern capitalism.

dehumanising

8

Workers are mainly measured in terms of their ____ ____, that is, how much profit can be made out of them in the shortest period of time.

labour value

9

Alienation is ____ ____. It is the outcome of a particular set of historical circumstances namely, the capitalist mode of production. Because alienation is not intrinsic to the human condition it can be overcome.

historically contingent

10

Marx analyses alienation in modern capitalism the against backdrop of a state of ____, a future communist society.

unaleination

11

____ ____ would involve the full return of human beings to themselves as social beings.

Communist society