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Flashcards in Rationality Deck (16)
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1

The rationalisation of modern society in the West can, according to Weber, be understood as the triumph of ____ rationality over ____ rationality.

instrumental, substantive

2

_____ Rationality Matter-of-value, Incalculable, Unpredictable, Personal, Non-systematic, Concrete, Particular.

Substantive

3

____ Rationality Matter-of-fact, calculable, Predictable, Impersonal, Systematic, Abstract, General.

Instrumental

4

Substantive rationality is a matter of ____. It refers principally to the worth of ends or results from some evaluative standpoint, that is, from some belief (eg, a religious belief) or value-commitment. The individual's conduct is guided by principles, beliefs, values, ideals.

value

5

Instrumental rationality as a mode of thinking and a principle upon which society is organised, implies the dismissal of everything which is incalculable, unpredictable, arbitrary, personal and so on. It refers primarily to the ____ of means and procedures for the achievement of well-defined goals.

calculability

6

Instrumental rationality is often described as formal, since calculation can be applied to all substantive ends. This form of rationality is matter of ____.

fact

7

For Weber, the ____ of calculability is the driving force behind the rationalisation of modern, Western society.

maximisation

8

Instrumental rationality ____ facilitates the conscious, calculated pursuit of any goal, whatever its significance, worth or value.

indiscriminately

9

It is this ____ built into instrumental rationality that gives modern, Western society its distinctive character Instrumental rationality treats all substantive beliefs and values with olympian indifference.

value-neutrality

10

It is Weber's contention that instrumental rationality permeates all areas of ____ ____ in the modern West.

social life

11

Modem industrial capitalism, the modern state, modem bureaucracy, modem science and so forth all represent component phenomena in the embracing process of the ____ of the West.

rationalisation

12

The emergence of modern science, according to Weber, attests to the progressive ____ of life in modern society.

intellectualisation

13

The view of the world as a causal mechanism that can be known by calculation is at the heart of _____ ____.

modern science

14

The development of scientific calculation attests to the ____ control of the world for human purposes.

rational

15

In this same connection Weber speaks of the disenchantment of the world, that is, the ____ of everything mythical, mysterious, magical, other-worldly, poetic.

suppression

16

The modern, rational, scientific pattern of thinking leads increasingly to a view of the world as merely an artificial product created by humankind. The modern world is _____ just like a machine.

controlled