So, the ____ ____ of sociology refers to analysis of culture (that is those things that largely have to do with the meaning we give things and relationships here we refer to things like values, norms and practices of social groups). Culture is embedded in, and shapes every aspect of social life.
The ____ ____ of sociology examines the impact of social structures (eg. patriarchal social relations capitalism, the occupational division of labour) on the organisation of social life.
The ____ ____ draws our attention to the way that current social practices have developed over time, and that the past helps to shape the present.
Finally, the _____ ____ asks that sociologists be reflexive about their own positions, as well as ask how things might be otherwise.
The ____ and the ____ theme addresses concerns around globalisation as a newish, but increasingly significant, social process.
local and the global
L&G. Sociologists are interested in how processes of _____ and rationalisation impact on the local lives of social groups and individuals.
L&G. The point about this theme is not that global processes completely dominate the local scene, but that the two are _____.
L&G. In addition local communities often attempt to ____ global processes, and are sometimes successful.
L&G. Refers to the increasing interdependence between societies on a worldwide basis.
L&G. Refers to the replacement of traditions, values, and emotions as motivators for behaviour in society with rational, calculated ones.
L&G. There is not actually something called the '____ ____' as such that works coherently: there are only global phenomena working in, through and across nation states.
L&G. The failure to ____ the local is also a matter of social meaning. We can never be the children of everywhere our identities and lives are always lived out in a particular way, in a particular place and time.
L&G. Brand New Zealand is one kind of expression of '____' rather than of straightforward globalisation - the social space in which the local meets the global, with sometimes unpredictable results.
L&G. In many ways, critics are right to say that globalisation is the way in which the powerful ____ the powerless in the world; that economic globalisation equates to exploitation.
L&G. So whilst there are certainly imbalanced power relations at work, and 'the local' is constanty being pressured by 'the global', at the same time the global still ____ the local, and the local can even sometimes shape the global by reacting back on it.
L&G. McDonalds thus became the very paradigm of modern service capitalism and dumbed-down ____ ____, and many other firms followed its model, cementing a common global culture of consumption that covered not only the production of food and the venue for family occasions, but all sorts of leisure needs and even easential services.
____ are abstract ideas that refer to the general properties of chosen aspects of social life. For example, the concept of riot does not include details about specific riots, but allows us to make some general statements about how to understand the phenomenon of riots.
_____ are propositions put forward for empirical testing.
_____ are bodies of ideas that attempt to explain in a general way why things happen as they do. Theorising involves abstracting an explanation from the particular features of a situation.