VIII. Early Christian Period, IX. Byzantine Period, X. Romanesque Period Flashcards Preview

ID: History Of Art & Interior Design > VIII. Early Christian Period, IX. Byzantine Period, X. Romanesque Period > Flashcards

Flashcards in VIII. Early Christian Period, IX. Byzantine Period, X. Romanesque Period Deck (53)
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Art pertaining to those produced by the early Christians until the founding of Byzantine

Early Christian Period

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EARLY CHRISTIAN PERIOD
• Symbolisms of ancient Christian
• Became the initial basis for Byzantine Art

Fish and Cross

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EARLY CHRISTIAN PERIOD
• Early christian church
• Long rectangular plan

Basilica

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PARTS OF BASILICA
• Open-air court

Atrium

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PARTS OF BASILICA
• Principal or central part of a church

Nave

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PARTS OF BASILICA
• Semicircular projection of a building usually vaulted
• Located infront of the nave

Apse or Apsis

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PARTS OF BASILICA
• Placed at the center of the apse
• Table in a Christian church upon which the Eucharist, the sacrament celebrating Christ's Last Supper is celebrated.
• Also called communion table

Altar

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EARLY CHRISTIAN PERIOD
• A dispute over the religious images
• Prohibited the production of icons in representational human form

Iconoclastic Controversy

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EARLY CHRISTIAN PERIOD
• Started the Iconoclastic Controversy in 726

Emperor Leo III

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BYZANTINE PERIOD
• New capital for the Roman Empire in Byzantium
• Built by Constantine I in 323 AD
• Greek for 'city of Constantine'
• Nova Roma in New Rome

Constantinople

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BYZANTINE PERIOD
• The emperor from 527-565 AD

Justinian

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BYZANTINE PERIOD
• Rise of the faith of _____

Islam

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BYZANTINE PERIOD
• The background of a Byzantine painting

a. Single Plane
b. Double Plane
c. Three-Dimensional Plane
d. None of the above

a. Single Plane

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BYZANTINE PAINTING
• Naturalism is largely ignored.
• Figures in _____ poses

Frontal

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BYZANTINE ART FORMS
• Handwritten book written on vellum
• Decorated with gold or silver
• Brilliant colors or elaborate designs on miniature pictures.

Illuminated Manuscripts

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE
• The church plan in Western Europe

Latin Cross Church

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE
• The church plan in Eastern Europe

Central-plan Church

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE
• Complex layouts and an exceptional affinity for ____

Domes

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE
• The interior of a Byzantine building was coated in lavish ____ and ____

• Mosaics
• Murals

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE
• Column capitals often embellished with intricate reliefs such as ____ or ____ design.

• abstract
• floral

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE
• Inverted concave triangle that springs from a corner of the square curving up to meet the other ____

Pendentive

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE
• Corbel type arches piled on top of another
• Built across the upper inside corner of a square tower

Squinch Arch

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE
• Slender tower attached to a mosque
• Where the Muezzin calls the Muslim people to pray

Minaret

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE
• Sanctuaries that enshrine a relic/tomb of a martyr.

Martyrium

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE
• Used for the sacrament of baptism

Baptisteries

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURAL LANDMARKS
• Large original building with a dome over the central core.

Church of San Vitale

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BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURAL LANDMARKS
• Built as the major cathedral in Constantinople
• A basilica with a narthex at the west
• Altar framed by an apse at the east
• Nave is vaulted by a great dome of 33m or 109 ft in diameter.
• Domed cross plan

Hagia Sophia "Holy Wisdom"

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• A style of art emerging in Italy in the 9th Century.
• "in the Roman manner"

Romanesque

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ROMANESQUE PERIOD
• Religious way of life in which one renounces worldly pursuits to devote oneself fully to spiritual work.

Monasticism

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ROMANESQUE PERIOD
• A way of structuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labor.

Feudalism

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