II. Mesopotamian Civilization, III Ancient Egyptian Period Flashcards Preview

ID: History Of Art & Interior Design > II. Mesopotamian Civilization, III Ancient Egyptian Period > Flashcards

Flashcards in II. Mesopotamian Civilization, III Ancient Egyptian Period Deck (64)
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1

Known as the cradle of civilizations because of enormous advances and contributions including domestication of animals, trade and coinage, legal government, potter's wheel, wagon wheel, alphabet, architecture, mathematics and astronomy, monotheism and monogamy.

Mesopotamian Civilization (4300-331 BC)

2

A sub-period of the Mesopotamian civilization that contributed the cuneiform and the Ziggurat architecture. Writing was invented during this period.

Sumerian (6000-4000 BC)

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A system of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia, from the Latin Word "Cuneus" which means 'wedge'.

Cunneiform

4

The world's first literature that was produced during the Sumerian period.

Epic of Gilgamesh

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A form of an ancient temple that was common in Mesopotamia. Artificial mountains made of tiered rectangular layers which rose in number from 1 to 7 in the course of Mesopotamian history.

Ziggurat

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The period under the Mesopotamian civilization where the world's first empire was established under a ruler named Sargon.

Akkadian

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The Sargon's Empire was also called as _____.

Akkadian Empire

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The capital of Sargon's Empire.

Akkad or Agade

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The ruler of the Akkadian Empire.

Sargon

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They constructed one of the largest Ziggurats in Mesopotamia at Ur.

Neo-Sumerian

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An ancient empire which was ruled over by Hammurabi then later on by Nebuchadnezzar.

Babylonian/Chaldean (4000-700 B.C)

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The famous law during the Babylonian period that demands punishment to fit the crime (an eye for an eye). Comprising of 300 statues written in Akkadian on 51 columns.

Code of Hammurabi

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An entrance gate during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar to the Palace of Sargon; named after the goddess of love, fertility and war, it is faced with glazed bricks with rows of bulls and dragons; were flanked by great towers, and with Lamassu figures carved in stone, which in turn supported a semi circular arch covered with brilliantly-colored tile.

Ishtar Gate

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A Mesopotamian civilization that has palaces that were fortified citadels with Lamassu guardians.

Assyria

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A great stone statue of a human-headed winged bull.

Lamassu

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A Mesopotamian civilization ruled over by Cyrus the great. Defeated the Babylonians and achieved an enormous empire.

Persian

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The capital city of the Persian that was built by Darius I. Its name is from a Greek name meaning "city of Persians".

Persepolis

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The son of Darius I who built a huge palace complex in Persepolis with an audience hall that could accommodate 10,000 guests.

Xerxes

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A large hypostyle hall in Persepolis that was used mainly for great receptions by the kings. This hall contained 72 columns and 2 monumental stairways.

Apadana or Audience Hall

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Ancient Egypt's religion wherein the Pharaoh is thought to be a god.

Theocracy

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An ancient Egyptian system of writing with picture-symbols that allowed history to be written.

Hieroglyphics

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The Egyptian god of death, the patron of embalmers and the god of necropolis. With a Jackal figure.

Anubis

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The Egyptian god that was a protector against snakes and other dangers; depicted as a dwarf with features of a lion, Helper of women in childbirth.

Bes

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The god of the Nile floor; depicted as a man with female breasts.

Hapi

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The goddess of children; depicted as a cow, or as a women with cow's horns.

Hathor

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The falcon-god; originally the sky god; He was the pharaoh's protector and also patron of young men. The son of Osiris and Isis

Horus

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The great Egyptian goddess, wife of Osiris, mother of Horus. Goddess of the dead protecting coffins and canopic jars. Depicted as a woman wearing a sun disk.

Isis

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The Egyptian goddess of truth and justice. Depicted as a woman with ostrich feather on her head.

Maat

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The wife of Amon; originally the vulture goddess, later depicted as a woman.

Mut

30

He is known as the god who taught mankind the secrets of civilization. Today, he is honored by some Pagans as a god of the underworld and of the harvest. Depicted as a mummified king.

Osiris

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