I. Pre-History (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age) Flashcards Preview

ID: History Of Art & Interior Design > I. Pre-History (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age) > Flashcards

Flashcards in I. Pre-History (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age) Deck (33)
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1

An aesthetically pleasing and meaningful arrangement of elements, as words, sounds, colors, shapes. etc. Form of human activity whose chief character is determined by such arrangement.

Art

2

The science or profession of designing and constructing buildings or other structures.

Architecture

3

Any of the arts pertaining to or referring to the following; painting, sculpture, glass and glassware, ceramic and pottery, metallurgy and plants.

Decorative Arts

4

Before written history, also known as the Old Stone Age where Homo Sapiens or Cro-Magnon man used chipped stones.

Paleolithic (30,000-10,000 BC)

5

What are the sub-periods under the Paleolithic Age?

- Mousterian
- Aurignacian
- Magdalenian

6

This is a sub-period under the paleolithic age who are known for the use of pigments for bodily ornamentation.

Mousterian

7

This is a sub-period under the paleolithic age who are known for cave paintings.

Aurignacian

8

This is a sub-period under the paleolithic age who are known as the last of the hunter-gatherers. Art found: engraving of animals on bone.

Magdalenian

9

Small figurines or decorative objects carved or modeled with clay during the Paleolithic Age.

Portable Art

10

A 4 and a half inch tall figurine made of limestone. The stumpy female figure features pendulous breasts, an obese middle and belly, and pronounced buttocks.

Venus of Willendorf (Austria)

11

Cave paintings from Lascaux, France painted with four great bulls; believed to express belief in the power of animals.

Great Hall of the Bulls

12

Key characteristics of the Paleolithic Age:
Concerned itself with ____ or _____.

- Food
- Fertility

13

Key characteristics of the Paleolithic Age:
An attempt to gain some sort of control over their management by ______ or _____.

- Magic
- Ritual

14

Key characteristics of the Paleolithic Age:
Represents a giant key in human cognition: _______.

- Abstract thinking

15

Also known as the middle stone age.

Mesolithic Age (10,000-8,000 BC)

16

The Mesolithic Age was defined for the following:

- Beginning of communities and farming
- Bow and Arrow for Hunting
- Pottery for Food Storage
- Domestication of small animals

17

What are the kinds of art during the Mesolithic Age?

- Pottery
- Rock Paintings

18

What are the key characteristics of the art during the Mesolithic age?

- Human Objects
- Highly Stylized rather than glorified stick figures

19

Also called as the new stone age.

Neolithic Age (8,000-3,000 BC)

20

The Neolithic age was defined for the following:

- Development of Agriculture
- Settled in permanent villages "mud bricks"

21

What are the types of art during the neolithic age?

Pottery

22

During the neolithic age, pottery were made by what process?

Kilning

23

An architecture during the neolithic age which is a dry-stone hut w/ a corbelled roof.

Beehive Hut

24

A circular stone shelter unique to the region of Puglia (Apulia) in the southeastern region of Italy, roofed with conical constructions of corbeled dry masonry, usually whitewashed and painted with figures or symbols.

Trullo

25

A large stone which has been used to construct a structure or monument either alone or with other stones.

Megalith

26

A large, single upright standing stone.

Menhir

27

A free standing chamber, consisting of standing stones covered by a capstone as a lid.

Dolmen

28

An upright slab forming part of a larger structure.

Orthostat

29

A group of Menhirs that form circles or semi-circles. Used as worship centers.

Cromlech

30

A linear arrangement of upright, parallel standing stones.

Stone Row

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