IV. Aegean Period, V. Greek Art, VI. Etruscan Period, VI Roman Flashcards Preview

ID: History Of Art & Interior Design > IV. Aegean Period, V. Greek Art, VI. Etruscan Period, VI Roman > Flashcards

Flashcards in IV. Aegean Period, V. Greek Art, VI. Etruscan Period, VI Roman Deck (136)
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1

The civilization that flourished on the Greek peninsula, in Asia Minor, on the north coast of Africa, and in the western Mediterranean until the establishment of the Roman dominion in 146 AD, characterized by a system of construction based on rules of FORM and PROPORTION.

The Aegean Period (3000-1200BC)

2

What are the 3 civilizations under the Aegean Period?

- Cycladic (3200-1200 BC)
- Minoan (3000-1500 BC)
- Mycenaean (1600-1300 BC)

3

A civilization under the Aegean Period that was named for the legendary king Minos of Crete.

Minoan

4

The civilization under the Aegean Period that is from the land of the Legend of Troy.

Mycenaean

5

The land of the Legend of Troy.

Mycenae

6

From which civilization under the Aegean period does the marble sculptures (idols) that are most found lying down in grave belong to?

Cycladic

7

A fresco (painted plaster) that is found from a wall of the Palace at Knossos with a bull and 3 human.figures.

The Bull Leaping Fresco

8

A spreading palace of stone and wood for the king, with so many chambers above and below ground. It consists of Pillow capitals and frescoes lined interior and portico walls.

Palace of Knossos

9

A Mycenaean funerary gold mask found in Tomb V in Royal circle A at the Acropolis of Mycenae.

Mask of Agamemnon

10

The Mycenaean fortress on a hill is entered through what gate?

Gate of Lions or Lions Gate

11

A prehistoric throne room. A building or semi-independent unit of a building, typically having rectangular principal chamber with a center hearth and a porch, often with columns in antis; traditional in Greece since Mycenaean times and believed to be the ancestor of the Doric temple.

Megaron

12

What are the 3 parts of a Megaron?

- Front Porch w/ 2 columns
- Antechamber (Vestibule)
- Throne Room

13

The beehive tombs of the Mycenaean.

Tholos

14

The arrangement of courses of layers of stone so that each level projects over a stone.

Corbeling

15

The term which means city in Greek.

Polis

16

A period in Greek art wherein pottery decoration moved beyond simple shapes to also include animals and humans. Everything, however, was rendered with the use of simple geometric shapes.

Geometric Period

17

The Greek art period best known for the beginnings of realistic depictions of humans and (no coincidence) monumental stone sculptures. The construction of oldest Doric and Ionic temples as well as the life-size stone statues such as Kourus and Kore.

Archaic Period

18

The limestone Greek male statue.

Kourus

19

The limestone Greek female statue.

Kore

20

In which Greek art period does the black and red figure ware belong to?

Archaic Period

21

It was during this Greek art period that human statues became so heroically proportioned. Contrapposto in statues. Rebuilding of the Athenian Acropolis.

Classical Period

22

The contrary positions of the arms and legs.

Contrapposto Position

23

Of or pertaining to ancient Greek history, cultural art, especially before the time of Alexander the Great. It was during this time that the Corinthian capitals were introduced.

Hellenic Art

24

A style under the Hellenic period which is characterized by movement; towards increasing naturalness and freedom of form; use of lost wax method and bronze casting.

Severe style

25

A Greek temple during the Classical Period dedicated to the goddess Artemis. It was located in Ephesus.

Temple of Artemis

26

Of or pertaining to Greek, culture and art of the times of Alexander the Great's death in 323 BC through the 1st century BC during which the Greek dynasties were established in Egypt, Syrian and Persia, and Greek culture was modified by foreign elements.

Hellenistic Art

27

A Greek pottery style characterized by the assimilation of Eastern iconography. Shapes are larger and more curvilinear, and geometric patterns are now used simply as borders.

Orientalizing Style

28

A Grek pottery style wherein the artist painted the figure in black silhouette with a slip made of clay and water.

Archaic

29

A Greek pottery style wherein figures were left in red against a black background, and details were painted in black.

Late Archaic to Classical

30

A Greek pottery style wherein a wash of white clay formed the background. Figures were then applied in black and additional colors were added.

Classical to Late Classical

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