UK population, Migration, Rural Places, New Homes, Sustainable communities, Greenfield and Brownfield sites Flashcards Preview

Z GCSE Geography component 1 > UK population, Migration, Rural Places, New Homes, Sustainable communities, Greenfield and Brownfield sites > Flashcards

Flashcards in UK population, Migration, Rural Places, New Homes, Sustainable communities, Greenfield and Brownfield sites Deck (23)
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1

What is counter-urbanisation?

The movement of people out of towns and cities to rural areas

2

What has happened to the population of the UK?

It has grown

3

What are the 4 social factors that have affected population change?

Healthcare, NHS so longer life expectancy and low infant mortality rates
Marriage, people marry later so they do not have as many children
Culture, people delay having children until their 30s so they then have less children
Ageing population, A large amount of elderly people staying alive longer.

4

What are the 3 economic factors that have affected population change?

High cost of raising a family
Maternity pay
Career

5

What are the 4 political factors that have affected population change?

Contraception
Maternity/paternity rights
Migration
Vaccination programmes

6

What are the reasons for people migrating to to UK?

Jobs
Stable political system
Good health service
Better rates of pay
Good education system

7

What are the reasons for internal/domestic migration in the UK? (Moving from one part of the UK to another)

Cost of housing
Change of lifestyle e.g retirement
In search of work to further their career
Locate near family

8

Give 3 positive impacts of both internal/domestic migration and international migration into the UK

More young adults paying taxes
Many low paid unskilled jobs that UK citizens do not want to do are filled.
Diversity and culture means the UK has a greater range of foods, restaurants etc.

9

Give 3 negative impacts of both internal/domestic migration and international migration into the UK

An increase in birth rate
House price increases in popular areas
Strain on schools

10

Does the UK need to build more homes?

yes

11

What garden city did you study?

Ebbsfleet, Kent

12

What eco homes example did you study?

edZed, Surrey

13

What do we mean by ‘sustainable community’?

A community which is designed to have minimal impact on the environment.

14

Give 7 features of a sustainable community?

Local jobs nearby
Public transport available
Use of green technologies
Facilities for people of all ages
Affordable housing
Some buildings designed for elderly people
Built on brownfield rather than a green field site

15

What is the Egan Wheel?

It shows the criteria to judge a sustainable community

16

What is a greenfield site?

An area of land that has not been used before for building.

17

Give 1 advantage of developing on a greenfield site

Quick and easy to build on
cheaper than building on a brownfield site

18

Give 1 disadvantage of developing on a greenfield site

Animal habitats destroyed
Urban Sprawl
Protesters

19

What example did we study of greenfield site developments?

Oxford’s green belt.

20

What is a brownfield site?

An area of land that has been previously built upon.

21

Give 1 advantage of developing on a brownfield site.

Not using greenfield site, can transform a place that was in decline.

22

Give 1 disadvantage of developing on a brownfield site.

More expensive to build on as you may have to remove toxic materials.

23

What example did we study of a brownfield site development?

Ipswich Waterfront Development