Retailing, Global Cities, Global Cities Connections, Mumbai & Cardiff Flashcards Preview

Z GCSE Geography component 1 > Retailing, Global Cities, Global Cities Connections, Mumbai & Cardiff > Flashcards

Flashcards in Retailing, Global Cities, Global Cities Connections, Mumbai & Cardiff Deck (26)
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1

What do the letters CBD stand for?

Central Business District

2

What are the 5 economic factors have changed retailing?

Home delivery firms
Congestion in cities
Free parking at out of town retail parks
High parking costs in city centres
Monthly wages.

3

What 2 cultural factors have changed retailing?

Car-dependent society
Bulk buying

4

What 4 technological factors have changed retailing?

High broadband speeds, Sophisticated websites, Online only retailers, Internet Banking.

5

What are 4 benefits of out of town shopping centres?

Large free car parking
Near major road junctions
Room for expansion
Cheaper land values
near suburban housing estates.

6

What are 4 costs of out of town shopping centres?

Attracts shoppers away from CBD
Cause congestion on surrounding roads
Chain stores
Land use conflict with other developments such as business parks.

7

What are 5 benefits of internet shopping?

Convenient and cheaper
Purchase products you can’t buy locally
less time consuming
reduction in traffic congestion
delivery jobs.

8

What are 5 costs of internet shopping?

Not everyone has the internet
difficult to return products
CBD lose trade and therefore job lose
Delivery vans mean more traffic congestion
Online card fraud.

9

Give 6 ways that Lancaster CBD fought back

New paving in pedestrianised areas
new street furniture,
Signage (Wayfinding)
Market day on Wednesday
Secure bike racks,
Trees planted.

10

What does the word urbanisation mean?

The growth of towns and cities

11

How many residents does a city need to have before it is called a ‘megacity’?

10 million

12

Where are or expected to be most of the fastest growing cities?

Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia

13

What does the word globalisation mean?

The global web of links between countries involving people, trade, ideas and culture.

14

What are global cities?

Cities that play an important role in the global economic system of finance and trade.

15

What 5 features do global cities have.

Finance & Trade
Governance and decision making
Media and information (Ideas, Information, innovation), Migration Cultural centres (Diversity)
Transport hubs

16

What are the push that have caused rural to urban migration in Mumbai your NIC city example

Push - Countryside areas are poor, lack healthcare, limited job opportunities, poor sanitation

17

What are the pull factors have caused rural to urban migration in Mumbai your NIC city example

Pull - Job opportunities, Cheap rail travel, More educational opportunities.

18

What types of jobs do the people that live in extreme poverty in Mumbai do?

Informal jobs

19

What is the name of Mumbai's biggest slum?

Dharavi

20

What connections does Mumbai have to the rest of the world?

Mumbai international airport
Tata Steel
Bollywood

21

Give 2 urban challenges Mumbai faces

Reducing poverty and deprivation,
Housing (Chawls, Squatter Homes-Slums, Pavement Dwellers.)

22

The HIC global city of Cardiff has a large sphere of influence that connects it to the rest of the world

International airport
The Principality Stadium (Millennium Stadium).
Admiral a Multinational Company
BBC TV Programmes such as Dr Who.

23

What large community of Cardiff have?

Somali

24

What problem does Cardiff have?

Congestion problem

25

Cardiff has many commuters from the surrounding area

True

26

Give 3 urban challenges that Cardiff faces

Reducing congestion
Reducing poverty
deprivation in Butetown.