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Flashcards in Test2 Family Deck (25)
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persons joined together by bonds of marriage, blood, or adoption and residing in the same household

family; A more holistic view looks at family in the context of whatever the person considers it to be.


adult family members must decide

who is included in the family structure.


a universal phenomenon that crosses cultural and geographical boundaries. the family has the primary responsibility for moving an infant through childhood into an adult capable of meeting expectations of society. This is a life-long process of setting norms and values for all members of the family. This is a means by which culture and traditions are passed from generation to generation. This is somewhat dependent upon social status and economic placement within society as the adults in the family will provide perspective to the children based on their own experiences and interactions.



This function pertains to the provision of resources for the family to survive. Basic functions include food, clothing, and shelter. The way resources are distributed provide insight into the values of the family unit



This is a basic function of the family unit. Through reproduction the family assures that it continues through multiple generations.



This family functions can be impacted directly by nurses. Dietary choices and restrictions, Activity and recreation, Hygiene, Immunization practices, Sleep and rest patterns, Substance use including tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs, Self-care such as annual physical exams, screenings, immunizations, use of complimentary and alternative or cultural practices

Healthcare Function in Family


This is a vital family function as the ability of the family system to provide for the needs of affection and understanding of its members impacts how well those individuals are able to fulfill expectations of society. These functions are central to the family being able to continue. This function has great impact on a family's ability to respond with resilience to stressors and change

Affective/Relationship Function


provides physical, emotional, social, and spiritual needs; uses crises for growth, uses effective communication patterns, shows respect, sensitivity, and unity, performs roles flexibly, allows for role-shift, maintains community relationshios

healthy family


lack of understanding, communication, decision making; harrassment, ignoring, violence, lack of boundaries between generations, patterns of scapegoating

unhealthy family


This is a traditional focus which places the indivudal first and family second. In the view, the health of each indivudal takes priority

family as context or structure


this approach places the family first and individuals second

family as client


the entire family is the client

family as system


In this view, the family is seen as one of many institutions that compose the community. The other institutions include health services, education, religious, and financial institutions

Family as a component of Society


the study of the structure of families and households and family related events (marriage, divorce, birth, adoption). Best use is to forecast stress related to developmental changes that families will experience to provide guidance and possible solutions to family problems

family demographics


This theory looks at how family changes over time. Assumptions made in this theory include the family as a semiclosed system that interacts and is interrelated with the later social system. This perspective follows a family through the stages of childbearing in which the age of the oldest child marks the beginning of a new stage of development. There are critical periods and developmental tasks associated with each of the stages. Failure in one stage will lead to difficulty achieving developmental tasks at later stages, as the stages build upon each other. (Duval)

Developmental Theory


*Unmarried and Earning (ME)
*Married with no kids (US)
*Married with Newbie Kids or Pre-teens (Family)
*Married with Growing or *Grown-up kids/teens (Family)
*Empty Nest (US)
*Single survivor (ME)

Duvals stages of the family life cycle


developmental tasks at this stage include adapting to the role/expectations of being a partner and having a partner; critical decisions include finances, employment, household tasks, and how to negotiate and manage conflicts

Couple Family (married with no kids)


overall developmental tasks are to adjust to the new roles in function and responsibilities of raising children at each stage of the child's development. Parents must develop ways to meet each other's needs while meeting the needs of the family and working together

Childbearing Families (Married with Newbie Kids or Preteens)


The goal of adolescence is to loosen family ties and form individual identity, autonomy, adn responsibility. The family in this stage must re-balance responsibilities while dealing with lifestyle choices, risky behaviors and the launching of children into their own life. Parents must redefine their own relationships as they return to a married couple. There may also be heath-related issues that arise at this stage in life as parents.

Family with adolescents and Young Adult children


as the family ages, the developmental tasks switch to retirement which may include changes in income and adjustment of standards of living. Safe aging tasks include maintaining function and dealing with with potential health related issues while maintaining quality of life.

Family with older adults


As the family ages, there is potential for loss or disability of a spouse. Increasingly, families are becoming multi-generational with older adults living with their middle-aged children

Widowers (Single Survivor)


a theory of human behavior that views the family as an emotional unit and uses systems thinking to describe the complex interactions in the unit. It is the nature of a family that its members are intensely connected emotionally. Often people feel distant or disconnected from their families, but this is more feeling than fact. Family members so profoundly affect each other's thoughts, feelings, and actions that it often seems as if people are living under the same "emotional skin." People solicit each other's attention, approval, and support and react to each other's needs, expectations, and distress. The connectedness and reactivity make the functioning of family members interdependent. A change in one person's functioning is predictably followed by reciprocal changes in the functioning of others. Families differ somewhat in the degree of interdependence, but it is always present to some degree.

Bowen Family System Theory


these responses are designed to maintain equilibrium and include problem solving, flexibility, shared work, external support such as support groups

adaptive responses


scapegoating, coalitions, compromise, withdrawal; may solve a problem temporarily but will need to move into adaptive responses to allow the family to function effectively

maladaptive responses


the ability of the family to withstand stressors; this is a key to assess when determining the strengths a family has to cope with illness and changes